Repellent Activity of Certain Plant Extracts (Clove, Coriander, Neem and Mint) Against Red Flour Beetle

  • Abid Ramsha Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Khan Aisha Saleem Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan
  • Butt Saba Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: insect repellency, plants extracts, red flour beetle.

Abstract

Various insect acts as pests for crops and storage grains that cause lot of damage and economic losses. Common control agents are synthetic compounds that are unsafe for humans and environment. Certain parts of plants and herbs are historically used for their repellent activity against insects for grain storage and tree protection. In this context, this study was planned to investigate the repellent activity of extracts of clove, coriander, neem and mint against red flour beetle that cause damage to storage grains and other crops. Insect repellency was tested using multiple concentrations of the extracts. Results of this study demonstrated that these plant extracts proved to have effective repellent activity against the insect. The most effective extract was coriander followed by mint in various concentrations. 1.5 % concentration was found to be most effective. It is concluded from the results that these plants are natural sources of repellent material and hence are a potential source of natural / biological insect repellents.

References

. S. Padin, G. Dal Bello and M. Fabrizio. (2002). “Grain loss caused by Tribolium castaneum, Sitophilus oryzae and Acanthoscelides obtectus in stored durum wheat and beans treated with Beauveria bassiana”. Journal of Stored Products Research. 38(1), p. 69-74.

. E. Shaaya, M. Kostjukovski, J. Elberg, and S. Sukprakarn. (1997). “Plant oils as fumigants and contact insecticides for the control of stored-product insects”. Journal of Stored Products Research. 33(1), p. 7-15.

. P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, S. Maipas, C. Kotampasi, P. Stamatis and L. Hens. (2016). “Chemical Pesticides and Human Health: The Urgent Need for a New Concept in Agriculture”. Frontiers in Public Health. 4, 148. doi 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00148.

D.J. Ecobichon (2001). “Pesticide use in developing countries”. Toxicology. 160(s 1–3), p. 27-33.

. M. Cheraghi Niroumand, M. H. Farzaei, E. Karimpour Razkenari, G. Amin, M. Khanavi, T. Akbarzadeh, and M. R. Shams-Ardekani. (2016). “An Evidence-Based Review on Medicinal Plants Used as Insecticide and Insect Repellent in Traditional Iranian Medicine”. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 18(2), e22361. doi:10.5812/ircmj.22361.

. G. Jilani, R.C. Saxena and B.P. Rueda (1988). “Repellent and Growth-Inhibiting Effects of Turmeric Oil, Sweetflag Oil, Neem Oil, and “Margosan-O” on Red Flour Beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)”. 81(4), p. 1226-1230.

. Y. Trongtokit, Y. Rongsriyam, N. Komalamisra, C. Apiwathnasorn (2005). “Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites”. Phytotherapy Research. 19(4), 303-309.

. E. Deletre, T. Martin, P. Campagne, D. Bourguet, A. Cadin, C. Menut, R. Bonafos and F. Chandre (2013). “Repellent, irritant and toxic effects of 20 plant extracts on adults of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae mosquito”. PloS one, 8(12), e82103.

. M.F. Maia and S. J. Moore (2011). “Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing”. Malaria Journal, 10 Suppl 1(Suppl 1), S11. doi:10.1186/1475-2875-10-S1-S11.

. K. Chakraborty, A. Sarkar and P. Nandi (2015). “Incidence of Mango Mealy Bug, Droschia Mangiferae (Coccidae: Hemiptera) in the agro-climatic conditions of the upper Gangetic plain Of West Bengal, India”. International Journal of Science and Nature. 6, p. 568-575.

. L.D. Hansen, R.D. Akre, K. WILDEY and W. ROBINSON (1993). Urban pest management of carpenter ants. In Proceedings of the first International Conference on Urban Pests. (pp. 271-279).

. J. Parekh, D. Jadeja and S. Chanda (2005). “Efficacy of aqueous and methanolic extracts of some medicinal plants for potential antibacterial activity”. Turkish Journal of Biology. 29, p. 203-210.

. R.A. Onyeagba, O.C. Ugbogu, C.U. Oleke and O. Iroakasi (2004). “Studies on the antimicrobial effects of garlic (Allium sativum Linn.), ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and lime (Citrus aurantifolia Linn.)”. African Journal of Biotechnology. 3(10), p. 552-554.

. L.L. Mcdonald, R.H. Guy And R.D. Speirs (1970). “Preliminary evaluation of new candidate materials as toxicants, repellents and attractants against stored product insects” 1. USDA Marketing Respectively. Report, 882 pp.

. M.D. López, M.J. Jordán and M.J. Pascual-Villalobos (2008). “Toxic compounds in essential oils of coriander, caraway and basil active against stored rice pests”. Journal of Stored Products Research. 44(3), p. 273-278.

. F. Ahmad, N. Iqbal, S.M. Zaka, M.K. Qureshi, Q. Saeed, K.A. Khan, H.A. Ghramh, M.J. Ansari, W. Jaleel, M. Aasim, M.B. Awar (2018). “Comparative insecticidal activity of different plant materials from six common plant species against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)”. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.02.018.

. A.K. Tripathi, S. Upadhyay, M. Bhuiyan and P.R. Bhattacharya (2009). “A review on prospects of essential oils as biopesticide in insect-pest management”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and phytotherapy. 5, p. 52-63.

. L.S. Neiro, Oliveroverbal, J. Stashenko, E (2010).”Repellent activity of essential oils – a review”. Bioresource Technology, 101, p. 372-378.

Published
2019-05-12
Section
Articles