American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) <div style="float: left; width: 315; text-align: center; margin-left: 5px;"> <p style="text-align: justify;">The <a title="home page for American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences" href="/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/index">American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (<strong>ASRJETS</strong>)</a>&nbsp;is <strong>multidisciplinary&nbsp;<strong>peer reviewed </strong>Journal </strong><strong>intended to publish original research papersreview articles, short communications and technical reports in all main branches of science (All scientific disciplines) such as Social Sciences , Natural Sciences , Formal Sciences, and Applied science.&nbsp;(but not limited to):</strong>&nbsp;anthropology, archaeology, communication, criminology, education, government, linguistics, international relations, political science, sociology, Earth science, Ecology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Life science, Human biology, Decision theory, Logic, Mathematics, Statistics, Systems theory, Theoretical computer science, Applied physics, Computer science, all Fields of engineering, Accounting, , Education,&nbsp; Economics, Medical Technology, Biology,&nbsp; Medicine, Management, History, Mineralogy, Civil Engineering, Marine Technology, Commerce, Chemical Engineering, Animal Sciences, Petroleum &amp; Gas, Energy Resources,&nbsp; Agriculture, Medical Sciences, Machine Learning, Machinery, computer Science, Chemistry, Neural Networks, Physics, Social Science, Geology, Transportation, Waste Management, Control Engineering, Applied Mathematics, Oceanography, Biomedical Materials, Construction, Metallurgy, Neural Computing, Industrial Arts, IT, Astronology, Fire &amp; Fire Prevention, Robotics Marine Sciences, Solid State Technology, Business Administration, Food &amp;Food Industry, Atmospheric Sciences, Artificial Intelligence, Textile Industry &amp; Fabrics, Education science, Physiology, Nano Science, Microbiology, Psychology, Statistics, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Genetics, Botany, Veterinary Sciences, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Zoology, Oncology, Accounting, Entomology, Parasitology, Evolution, human behavior, Biophysics, Fisheries, Pharmacology, Geography, Cell Biology, Genomics, Plant Biology, Law, Religious Studies, Endocrinology, Dentistry, Infectious Diseases, Toxicology, Immunology, Teacher education, and Neuroscience.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This International&nbsp;journal Guarantees that the editor decision based on the peer review results&nbsp;<strong>will not exceed 21 days</strong> from the paper submission date.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The <strong><a title="American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences" href="/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/index">ASRJETS</a></strong> journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double peer review process.&nbsp; For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/about">About the Journal</a>&nbsp;page.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> en-US <p>Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.</li> <li class="show">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> (Dr. Mohammad Nasar) (Rabindra Corat Kayastha) Tue, 23 Feb 2021 18:36:59 +0000 OJS 60 A Comprehensive Review of Deep Learning Architectures for Computer Vision Applications <p>The emergence of machine learning in the artificial intelligence field led the world of technology to make great strides. Today’s advanced systems with the ability of being designed just like human brain functions has given practitioners the ability to train systems so that they could process, analyze, classify, and predict different data classes. Therefore, the machine learning field has become a hot topic for scientists and researchers to introduce the best network with the highest performance for such mentioned purposes. In this article, computer vision science, image classification implementation, and deep neural networks are presented. This article discusses how models have been designed based on the concept of the human brain. The development of a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and its various architectures, which have shown great efficiency and evaluation in object detection, face recognition, image classification, and localization, are also introduced. Furthermore, the utilization and application of CNNs, including voice recognition, image processing, video processing, and text recognition, are examined closely. A literature review is conducted to illustrate the significance and the details of Convolutional Neural Networks in various applications.</p> Arman Sarraf, Mohammad Azhdari, Saman Sarraf Copyright (c) 2021 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Fri, 26 Feb 2021 11:35:35 +0000 AuditModel: A Model for Representation of Continuous Audit Processes Based on ISO 19011 <p><strong>Objective of the study:</strong> The objective of this article is to propose a model of representation of audit processes that allows its automation, this model is based on ISO 19011, a standard recommended by the International Accreditation Forum (IAF). <strong>Methodology / approach:</strong> A study was carried out on the standardization of continuous audit processes. ISO 19011 was used as a reference to define the elements of the proposed model. After an analysis in the sections of the standard, sections 05 (establishing objectives of the audit program) and section 06 (conducting the audit) were selected to compose this work. <strong>Originality / relevance:</strong> The article contains quantitative data related to the performance of audits in Brazil and some limitations for carrying out audits. Through the model, the work makes up for the deficiency of the existence of documentation that helps the understanding, by software developers, auditors and companies, of how an audit should be carried out. It is expected to facilitate the development of audit software with the proposed model. <strong>Main results:</strong> 14 elements are specified, classified in 4 domains, which together make up the model for representing audit processes. A process is mapped and the specified elements are used to show how the audit processes are to be employed. <strong>Theoretical / methodological contributions:</strong> It seems feasible to use the methodology in different organizations, it is enough to understand the proposed model, internally map the processes to be audited and apply the concepts described in this work as an example.</p> Allison Ramon Araújo de Santana, Paulo Caetano da Silva Copyright (c) 2021 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Fri, 26 Feb 2021 11:50:12 +0000 Utilization of Healthcare Services by the Elderly Patients at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The study assessed the association between predisposing, enabling and need factors on utilization of healthcare services by the elderly attending the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey using a mixed method approach. Simple random sampling was used to sample three hundred and sixty-one elderly patients from seven (7) Out-Patient Departments in the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital who responded to a structured questionnaire. Ordinal Logistic Regression was used to determine the association between the predisposing, enabling and need factors of the elderly and variables measuring utilization of healthcare. In the qualitative study, purposive and convenient samplings were used to select 76 elderly persons from the seven Out-Patient Departments of the hospital. Content analysis was used to analyze the voice recorded qualitative interview data and explained using an appropriate theory.</p> <p><strong>Quantitative findings: </strong>The elderly who obtained above secondary school education were 0.49 times less likely to rate accessibility of healthcare on a higher scale compared with the elderly with pre-secondary education (OR=0.49, 95% CL; 0.28-0.85, p=0.11). The elderly who were beneficiaries of NHI were 0.42 times less likely (OR=0.42, 95% CI; 0.18-0.97) to rate accessibility of healthcare services on a higher scale compared with the elderly who were non-beneficiaries (p=0.042).&nbsp;</p> <p>The elderly with multiple chronic conditions were 1.56 times more likely to rate the cost of healthcare on a higher scale compared with the elderly with one chronic condition (OR=1.56, 95% CI=1.04-2.34, p=0.03).&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Qualitative findings: </strong>The elderly persons described the waiting time as long and stressful. They developed swollen feet and bodily pains due to the long waiting time. They clarified that the diagnostic investigation, medication and consultation fees were expensive, leading to postponement of their subsequent visits and deterioration of their health.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Cost was a determining factor in utilizing healthcare. The study recommends that policy makers should include elderly persons from age 60 years to 69 years in the National Health Insurance exemption policy to enable the majority of them to utilize healthcare. Additionally, there is the need to review visits to the healthcare units to schedule time appointments to reduce the long and stressful waiting time.</p> Delali Adwoa Wuaku, Reuben K. Esena , Patience Aniteye, Augustine Adomah-Afari Copyright (c) 2021 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Fri, 26 Feb 2021 12:00:34 +0000 Landscape Transformation: Temporal Evolution of the Erosion Process on a Hillside on the Island of Itamaracá / Brazil <p>Urban planning is important to guarantee the quality of life for society, as it proposes spatial planning and problem solving, especially those related to land use. Thus, it was proposed to perform an evaluation of actions that promote and/or accelerate the erosive processes on a hillside located in island of Itamaracá/BR. The “interaction networks” and “land use maps” techniques were used in combination, which resulted in a more accurate environmental assessment, as well as the use of models for future estimates. The results pointed to mediumrisk for the environmental indicators of “occupation types” and evidence of collapse”, and high risk for“urban density”and“vegetation”indicators. It has also been predicted that over the years, the urban sprawl in the area will continue to grow until it reaches stability due to the total occupation of useful areas as well as that the growth rate for vegetation will be negative. Thus, there is a need to mitigate environmental damage in the short term, in order to avoid the occurrence of accidents in the hillside area.</p> Michele Joyce Pereira dos Santos , Kalinny Patrícia Vaz Lafayette , Thiago Augusto da Silva , Maria Fernanda de Almeida Portela , Jonas da Silva Bezerra , Silvio Romero de Melo Ferreira, Moacyr Magalhães Cavalcanti Neto Copyright (c) 2021 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Mon, 01 Mar 2021 06:29:46 +0000