American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) <div style="float: left; width: 315; text-align: center; margin-left: 5px;"> <p style="text-align: justify;">The <a title="home page for American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences" href="/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/index">American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (<strong>ASRJETS</strong>)</a>&nbsp;is <strong>multidisciplinary&nbsp;<strong>peer reviewed </strong>Journal </strong><strong>intended to publish original research papersreview articles, short communications and technical reports in all main branches of science (All scientific disciplines) such as Social Sciences , Natural Sciences , Formal Sciences, and Applied science.&nbsp;(but not limited to):</strong>&nbsp;anthropology, archaeology, communication, criminology, education, government, linguistics, international relations, political science, sociology, Earth science, Ecology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Life science, Human biology, Decision theory, Logic, Mathematics, Statistics, Systems theory, Theoretical computer science, Applied physics, Computer science, all Fields of engineering, Accounting, , Education,&nbsp; Economics, Medical Technology, Biology,&nbsp; Medicine, Management, History, Mineralogy, Civil Engineering, Marine Technology, Commerce, Chemical Engineering, Animal Sciences, Petroleum &amp; Gas, Energy Resources,&nbsp; Agriculture, Medical Sciences, Machine Learning, Machinery, computer Science, Chemistry, Neural Networks, Physics, Social Science, Geology, Transportation, Waste Management, Control Engineering, Applied Mathematics, Oceanography, Biomedical Materials, Construction, Metallurgy, Neural Computing, Industrial Arts, IT, Astronology, Fire &amp; Fire Prevention, Robotics Marine Sciences, Solid State Technology, Business Administration, Food &amp;Food Industry, Atmospheric Sciences, Artificial Intelligence, Textile Industry &amp; Fabrics, Education science, Physiology, Nano Science, Microbiology, Psychology, Statistics, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Genetics, Botany, Veterinary Sciences, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Zoology, Oncology, Accounting, Entomology, Parasitology, Evolution, human behavior, Biophysics, Fisheries, Pharmacology, Geography, Cell Biology, Genomics, Plant Biology, Law, Religious Studies, Endocrinology, Dentistry, Infectious Diseases, Toxicology, Immunology, Teacher education, and Neuroscience.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This International&nbsp;journal Guarantees that the editor decision based on the peer review results&nbsp;<strong>will not exceed 21 days</strong> from the paper submission date.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The <strong><a title="American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences" href="/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/index">ASRJETS</a></strong> journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double peer review process.&nbsp; For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/about">About the Journal</a>&nbsp;page.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> en-US <p>Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.</li> <li class="show">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> (Dr. Mohammad Nasar) (Rabindra Corat Kayastha) Tue, 01 Sep 2020 22:07:17 +0000 OJS 60 Analysis and Research of 2DPSK Signal Reception Based on Stochastic Resonance System under Levy Noise <p>Under the background of Levy noise, a new method for coherent demodulation of 2DPSK signal based on the bistable stochastic resonance system model is proposed to solve the problem of poor quality of 2DPSK signal coherent demodulation. Comparing the output signals of the bistable stochastic resonance system model and the traditional model after passing through various components, the analysis shows that the frequency spectrum amplitude of the carrier signal after passing through the bistable stochastic resonance system model is approximately higher than that of the traditional model. 1.26 times. The error code of the output signal after demodulation by the new method is less than that of the traditional model after demodulation, and the signal to noise ratio is improved by 12.5dB. The simulation experiment results prove that the bistable stochastic resonance nonlinear coherent demodulation method effectively improves the transmission quality of 2DPSK signals.</p> Yaxin Xin, Fuzhong Wang Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Fri, 04 Sep 2020 18:02:56 +0000 A Systematic Integration and Simulation of Transportation Network to Asses Efficiency Maximization: A Case of Benapole Land Port, Bangladesh <p>Systematic transportation network and orderly circulation system is vital for the effective functioning of a land port facility. Benapole Port, the largest land port of entry in Bangladesh, located on Bangladesh- India border in Jashore. It handles most of the cross-border trade as well as a large number of passengers and trucks of goods are passed through this point every day. Due to lack of systematic organization and orderly traffic circulation control the port facility is unable to function at its full efficiency, resulting in traffic congestions, processing delay and systematic losses. The key challenge is to resolve the circulation network adequately and systematically to maneuver the cross-border traffic and cargo by the means of providing well organized traffic network, compaction of facilities, dedicated circulation system and smooth process flow of port activities. Through conduction of extensive site survey and in-depth data analysis the fundamental issues and remedial requirements forecasts are identified. By the means of computer aided simulation for comparison between multiple alternatives of traffic network distribution and circulation system the possible most suitable alternative can be assessed. The efficiency of this prevailed circulation system is supported by the results of the simulation, which can be able to optimize the addressed issues, also ensures maximized efficiency of the port functioning. Furthermore, either as a goods or tourists exchange point, Benapole Port has paramount importance and have potential to become a landmark establishment.</p> Porag Mahmud, Md. Asaduzzaman Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Fri, 04 Sep 2020 18:22:26 +0000 Teaching Practices in Mathematics During COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges for Technological Inclusion in a Rural Brazilian School <p>The pandemic caused by COVID-19, on a global scale, brought an unprecedented situation for students from all over the world: the closure of schools. This study presents this theme under the perspective of a rural Brazilian school, located in a town in the interior of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Since the closure of schools as a health strategy for the control of the pandemic, the government of the state of Rio de Janeiro adopted the distance learning for school activities, most of which was achieved through technological mediation. This strategy to face the problem highlight reflections on inequality of access to the internet and the different roles played by the school, in addition to cognitive aspects. Considering as a research object the class of ninth grade of elementary school, and as a research theme their mathematics activities in distance learning, it was possible, through a case study, to analyze advances and setbacks in the learning proposal implemented. It is concluded that Brazil, due to its extensive territorial range and multiple specificities, is not yet prepared to legitimize the use of pedagogical practices in mathematics mediated by technology. Investments in infrastructure and teacher training are necessary so that pedagogical proposals mediated by technology can effectively contribute to the training of students.</p> Ana Carolina Carius Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Sat, 05 Sep 2020 08:37:24 +0000 Agricultural Risks and Social Vulnerability in Rural Areas in The Commune of Houéyogbé in South-Benin <p>The present research aims at studying the social vulnerability of the agricultural risks in the Commune of Houéyogbé The methodological step used is articulated around the analysis and, their treatment data-gathering of the results. The data-gathering consisted of the information retrieval and of investigation of ground by using the individual talks and the method of x-ray group. The statistics heights of rains and the data hydrometric of the period 1981-2010 then the pedo-geomorphological and agricultural data of same period (SCDA Houéyogbé) made it possible to study the agricultural risks The data and information resulting from the information retrieval and the socio-anthropological investigations made it possible to apprehend the social vulnerability of the rural populations to the agricultural risks.¶The matrix of appreciation of the vulnerability made it possible to determine the current and future vulnerability rural communities (for example, the level of high impact and low capacity of adaptation give the high level of vulnerability).¶With the latter, the strategies of mitigation locally installation are added (early harvest, temporary migration towards the no flooded grounds, etc).¶Moreover, the data and information relating to the agricultural risk management collected with the seat of the specialized organizations such as the ANPC and Caritas-Benign made it possible to propose suitable mechanisms of management.¶</p> Pascal Gbenou Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Sat, 05 Sep 2020 09:02:08 +0000 Recent Applications of Deep Learning Algorithms in Medical Image Analysis <p>Advances in deep learning have enabled researchers in the field of medical imaging to employ such techniques for various applications, including early diagnosis of different diseases. Deep learning techniques such as convolutional neural networks offer the capability of extracting invariant features from images that can improve the performance of most predictive models in medical and diagnostic imaging. This work concentrates on reviewing deep learning architectures along with medical imaging modalities where the crucial applications of such algorithms, including image classification and segmentation, are discussed. Also, brain imaging as a branch of medical imaging which allows scientists to explore the structure and function of the brain is explored, and the applications of deep learning to early diagnose Alzheimer’s Disease, and Autism as the most critical brain disorders are studied. Moreover, the recent research findings revealed that employing deep learning-based semantic segmentation techniques could significantly improve the accuracy of models developed for brain tumor detection. Such advances in early diagnosis of disorders and tumors encourage medical imaging practitioners to implement software applications assisting them to improve their decision-making process.</p> Arman Sarraf, Ali Esmaeilnia Jalali , Javad Ghaffari Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Wed, 09 Sep 2020 07:13:32 +0000 Sustainability Assessment: Offsetting Carbon Emissions from Energy Use at the Orthodox Academy of Crete (OAC) <p>Mitigation of climate change and development of ecological practices is an important goal in religious organizations. Current work aims in the investigation of the possibility of offsetting the net carbon emissions due to energy use in the Orthodox Academy of Crete (OAC), Greece. Energy generated by fossil fuels and renewable energy sources is currently used in the premises of the Academy. The total annual energy consumption and the energy sources currently used in the religious organization are initially estimated. Various future scenarios are investigated regarding energy consumption in the Academy, energy sources used and their carbon emissions, as well as the possibility of carbon emissions sequestration with various tree plantations. The annual energy consumption in the Academy has been estimated at 264,257 KWh while its energy consumption per covered area is 31.31 KWh/m<sup>2</sup>. Among various energy sources used, electricity has the highest share at 95.76%, while 32.47% of the overall energy consumption is currently generated by a solar-PV system installed on-site. It is indicated that the combined use of energy-saving techniques and technologies, the higher use of various renewable energy sources and the sequestration of any remaining carbon emissions with tree plantations could eliminate all carbon emissions due to energy use in the Academy.&nbsp; The most appropriate sustainable energy technologies are solar-thermal, solar-PV and high efficiency heat pumps which are currently mature, reliable and cost-effective. Additionally olive tree orchards, carob tree orchards and Eucalyptus tree plantations could be created for carbon emissions sequestration. It has been concluded that with the reduction of the current energy consumption by 20%, the installation of a solar-PV system at 50 KW<sub>p,</sub> and the creation of an olive tree orchard at 14 ha, the net annual carbon emissions due to energy use in the Academy could be eliminated. The results indicate the way that the Orthodox Academy of Crete could zero its impacts on climate change due to energy use in its premises.</p> Ioannis Vourdoubas, Antonios Kalogerakis, Kostantinos Zorbas Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Wed, 09 Sep 2020 07:19:57 +0000 Comparison of Pull-Out Strength Behavior for Chemical Adhesive Anchors Installed in Concrete <p>Post installed reinforcement is widely used in the world as well as Bangladesh because of the need for it in rehabilitation and strengthening work. It help to contribute at the efficiency in the cost of construction in general and offer a level of confidence on the structural integrity of building and civil engineering infrastructural projects. Engineers need to be confident in the performance of adhesives anchor systems to be used where adhesives involved as a bonding agent between steel reinforcement bars and concrete. This research is investigated the effectiveness of several sorts of adhesives utilized in post-installed rebar connection under pull-out test. The cylindrical samples (36 + 12 Nos) of 15cm diameter 30 cm height with two different proportion ratio of ingredients for preparing concrete where brick chips as coarse aggregates with two different anchors grade (400W &amp;500W) are used. The control samples (12 Nos) are the cast in-place rebar concrete specimens while other samples (36 Nos) are post rebar-installed concrete specimens where chemical adhesives like fischer, INDEX and mortar are used as bonding agents. The findings show that the pull-out load values are higher for lower reinforcement grade and lower amount of aggregates in concrete by applying chemical adhesive.</p> Milan Mazumder, Md. Khasro Miah, Al Amin, Riyadul Hashem Riyad Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Wed, 09 Sep 2020 07:24:56 +0000 The Employee’s Performance: A Study of Construct Validity and Reliability <p>This study aims to test the validity and reliability of the employee performance scale and test aspects and indicators that can form an employee performance variable. Employee performance is measured by three aspects, namely work result, discipline, and responsibility. This study's population were all employees who served in the operating room of Hospital "X" in Yogyakarta, and the number of samples in this study was 61 operating room employees at this Hospital. The sampling technique is done with simple random sampling. Data collection methods use an employee performance scale. The research data were analyzed with Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) through the SmartPLS 3.2.8 program. Based on the data analysis results, the aspects and indicators that make up the employee's performance variables are declared valid and reliable. The most dominant aspect that reflects employee performance variables is discipline with loading factor 0.860, and the weakest aspect that reflects employee performance variables is the work result with a loading factor of 0.780. This shows that all aspects and indicators are able to reflect and shape employee performance variables. Thus, the measurement model can be accepted because the theory that describes employee performance variables fit with empirical data obtained from the subject.</p> Mohamad Rokim, Fatwa Tentama Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Wed, 09 Sep 2020 07:45:37 +0000 Design and Implementation of a Mobile-Based Home Security System <p>The security of homes and properties has always been a crucial concern as the rate of burglary and home breaking has been on the increase all through the years. Although various solutions have been proposed to tackle the problem, burglary and home breaking are still rife everywhere every day. The proposed research is a low-cost, highly configurable, and mobile home security system that secures homes from illegal entities attempting to gain illegal entry into such homes. The system was implemented using Arduino with ATmega2560 microcontroller, which was interfaced with a Passive Infrared (PIR) sensor, a 16x2 Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) screen, a 4x4 matrix keypad, a Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) module, and a burglar alarm. The physical home security system was simulated using Proteus 8 Professional simulation software, while Arduino Integrated Development Environment (AIDE) and the C programming language were used to program the microcontroller instructions on the Arduino ATmega2560 microcontroller. Furthermore, Android Studio and the Java programming language were used to develop an Android mobile application to control and interact with the physical home security system. The results from the system were depicted in snapshots taken during the implementation and testing of the system. Judging from the research findings, it is imperative to adopt this system as a means of effectively securing homes from illegal intrusion. Further research could be done as an add-on to ensure security from internal threats within homes, such as fire and gas leakages with the addition of more sensors.</p> Eseosa Ehioghae Efe , Samson Ogunlere Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Wed, 09 Sep 2020 07:52:14 +0000 Ecological Study of Vanellus indicus in District Narowal, Pakistan <p>Red wattled lapwing is commonly found and endemic species of Asian agricultural lands. Its preferred habitat is airy lands, rural and even urban areas. The main aims of current investigatory effort were the observation of different parameters of breeding ecology of <em>Vanellus indicus </em>including breeding sites, incubation period, the clutch size, survival rate of chicks and possible reasons of their mortality which are localized in Narowal district. Red wattled lapwings forage on several types of insects, snails, seeds, and of invertebrates. Experimental observations highlight that the annual breeding season is of average 26-30 days of <em>V. Indicus </em>begins from the March and till the end of August. Moreover, the weight of their eggs falls between 22.0 to 28.0g. These findings about local species may serve for next experimental designs based of on <em>V. indicus </em>and further focus should be on those factors which may improve its breeding. Similarly, the estimation of feeding preferences of this species can directly help in low cost biological control management for crops.</p> Waqar Ahmad, Asif Mehmood Qureshi, Anam Javed Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Fri, 11 Sep 2020 05:31:08 +0000 Epidemiology of Oral Cancer in Pakistan <p>Oral carcinoma is one of the most frequently reported form of cancer in Pakistan. In time oncogenic prognosis facilities are still available in various regions countrywide. Provincial comparison indicates that more than 67% cases of oral squamous cancer are reported from Punjab whereas ratio in KPK is also high than Sindh and Baluchistan. The prevalence of this growing ailment can be minimized only by collaborative efforts of both government and general public regarding awareness of oral hygiene, causes of oral and esophageal carcinogenesis, early symptoms of this disease and its management.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Anam Javed, Gull e Zahra, Asif Mahmood Qureshi Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Fri, 11 Sep 2020 05:37:39 +0000 Tax Insights from Latin American and Caribbean in the Context of COVID-19 <p>Appearing in early 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has forced Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries to implement tax measures to support taxpayers and sustain tax revenue through the outbreak. Policy makers need to assess the implementation of these measures and future policies while considering current issues such as lack of fiscal space, shortage of economic flows, rushing digitalization and falling tax morale in the region. This contribution covers the current scenario in LAC and provides tax insights to be considered as the region moves forward after the crisis.</p> Roberto Ramos Obando , Jeancarlo Andino Aguilar Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Tue, 15 Sep 2020 19:42:20 +0000 Physical (Morphometric) and Electrocardiographic Parameters in Balkan Donkey in Serbia <p>Balkan donkey is a native donkey breed that lives in Balkan peninsula and traditionally is reared in Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro. Since the population has declined severely and only less than 200 males and females are actively breeding the breed status is endangered and it is included in AnGR preservation/conservation program in Serbia. The organized breeding and development of the breed description has started at the beginning of the 21 century and the breed is not fully described yet. This is the first time that that clinical procedures- ECG, have been evaluated in concern with frame and size of Balkan donkey. Our results show that there is a need to expand our investigation to fulfill gap in understanding Balkan donkey physiology and diagnostics. The evaluation of morphometric and electrocardiographic parameters in endangered Balkan donkey breed in Serbia was performed and individual data important for clinical evaluation and breeding were estimated in aim to provide initial morphometric and electrocardiographic data for the endangered Balkan donkey breed in Serbia and to assess the ECG procedure in relation to specific anatomy and body proportions of the breed.</p> Stefan Djoković, Ljiljana Sabljić, Lazar Marković, Ljubica Spasojević Kosić, Ružica Trailović Copyright (c) 2020 American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) Sun, 20 Sep 2020 19:41:47 +0000