Prevalence of Fingerprint Patterns in Multiple and Single Births Women of Igbo-Ora, Nigeria, West Africa
Keywords:Fingerprints, Multiple births, Anthropology, Forensic science, Igbo-Ora, Ink pad.
Background: Fingerprints are very important in the identification of any individual in forensic science. Beginning from the 21st century, the study of fingerprints has gained much recognition as a diagnostic tool especially in Criminology, Anthropology, Dysmorphology and Medicine. Purpose: This present study was conducted to establish the relationship between fingerprint patterns and Multiple births. Materials and Method: A total of 200 healthy and consenting female subjects (105 multiple births and 95 single births women) aged between 25 and 50 years (37.5+/-2) of Igbo-Ora descent were selected for the study through random sampling. Fingerprints obtained from rolled ink pad were imprinted twice on a designed 10 digit proforma white A4 paper. Fingerprint patterns were identified with magnifying glass x20, analyzed, compared, and evaluated for the women by both authors independently. Results: The principal patterns among women with Multiple births were Whorls (19.7%), Arches (15.5%), Ulnar (56.8%) and Twin loops (5.2%). The study also showed that Radial loop pattern (4.5%) was more predominant in Single births women. Conclusion: Whorls, Arches,Ulnar and Twin loops were more in women with Multiple births than those with Single birth and these differences were statistically significant (p<0.05).
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