Prevalence of Fingerprint Patterns in Multiple and Single Births Women of Igbo-Ora, Nigeria, West Africa
AbstractBackground: Fingerprints are very important in the identification of any individual in forensic science. Beginning from the 21st century, the study of fingerprints has gained much recognition as a diagnostic tool especially in Criminology, Anthropology, Dysmorphology and Medicine. Purpose: This present study was conducted to establish the relationship between fingerprint patterns and Multiple births. Materials and Method: A total of 200 healthy and consenting female subjects (105 multiple births and 95 single births women) aged between 25 and 50 years (37.5+/-2) of Igbo-Ora descent were selected for the study through random sampling. Fingerprints obtained from rolled ink pad were imprinted twice on a designed 10 digit proforma white A4 paper. Fingerprint patterns were identified with magnifying glass x20, analyzed, compared, and evaluated for the women by both authors independently. Results: The principal patterns among women with Multiple births were Whorls (19.7%), Arches (15.5%), Ulnar (56.8%) and Twin loops (5.2%). The study also showed that Radial loop pattern (4.5%) was more predominant in Single births women. Conclusion: Whorls, Arches,Ulnar and Twin loops were more in women with Multiple births than those with Single birth and these differences were statistically significant (p<0.05).
. Adenowo, T.K., and Dare, B.J. (2016). Digital and Palmer Dermatoglyphic; A Bio-Indicator for Intelligence Quotient. Journal of Basic and Applied Research. 2 (3):313-319.
. Adewumi, J. (2014). Twins in West African Culture and Society of the Iron Age.
. Akinboro,A. ,Azeez,M.A., Bakare,A.A.(2008). Frequency of Twinning in Southwest Nigeria. Indian Journal of Human Genetics.14 (2):41-47.
. Bansal, H.D., Hansi D., Badiye, A.D., Kapoor, N.S., (2014). Distribution of Fingerprint Patterns in an Indian Population. Malaysian Journal of Forensic Sciences 5(2):18-21.
. Biswas, S, (2011). Finger and palmar dermatoglyphic study among the Dhimals of North Bengal, India. Anthropologist. 13(3):235–238.
. Cummins,H.,and Midlo,C. (1961).Finger prints, palms and soles: an introduction to dermatoglyphics.Dover Publications, New York (1961).
. Dehankar, R., N and Ksheersagar, D.,D.(2012).Study of Palmar Dermatoglyphics in Twins, Pakistan Journal of Medical Ssiences 2 (1);17 – 20.
. Eboh, D.E.O, (2012). Digital Dermatoglyphic Patterns of Anioma and Urhobo Students in Two tertiary Institutions of Delta State, Southern Nigeria. Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research. 11(2): 90-96.
. Gutierez,S.,B., Lucenario,J.,S., and Yebes,M.,T.(2012). Dermatoglyphic Studies among the Dumagat-Remontado Tribal Population of the Philippines Journal of Anthropology 2012 (2012); 20-26.
. Hueske, Edward. (2009). Firearms and Fingerprints. Facts on File/Infobase Publishing New York. ISBN 978-0-8160-5512-5518. Journal of Undergraduate writing, issue, 9.
. Kapoor, N. and Badiye ,A. (2015). Digital dermatoglyphics: A study on Muslim population from India. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences 5(3):90-95.
. Karmakar, B., and Kobyliansky, E., (2012). Finger and palmar dermatoglyphics in Muzzeina Bedouin from South Sinai: a quantitative study. Papers on Anthropol. 21:110–122.
. Kulkami,A.D.,Jamieson,D.J.,Jones,H.W.,Kissim,D.M.,Gallo,M.F.,Macaluso,M.,Adashi, Jones, H.W., Kissin, D.M., Gallo, M.F., Macaluso, M., Adashi, E.Y. (2013). "Fertility Treatments and Multiple Births in the United States". New England Journal of Medicine 369 (23):2218–2225.
. Kumari,K.L.,Babu,V.S. and Kumar, S.V. (2014). Dermatoglyphics and Its Relation to Intelligence Levels of Young Students. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences 13 (5) pp 1-3.
. Mange AP, Mange EJ, (1990). Genetics: Human Aspects. 2nd edition. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.
. Miličić, J., Pavićević, R, Halbauer, M.S.B. (2000). Analysis of qualitative dermatoglyphic traits of the digito-palmar complex in carcinomas. In The state of dermatoglyphics: the science of finger and palm prints. Edited by Durham NM Fox KH, Plato CC. New York: Edwin Mellen Press: 384.
. Modi, J.P. (2002). Modi’s medical jurisprudence and toxicology. 22nd ed. Noida: LexisNexis Butterworths; 37: 39- 40.
. Mosuro, A., A. (1996).Twinning rates in South West Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Science 30:39-45.
. Nithin,M.D., Balaraj,B.M., Manjunatha,B.Mestri,S.C.,(2009). Study of fingerprint classification and their gender distribution among South Indian population Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 16 (8): 460-463.
. Reed T, Young RS. (1979) .Genetic analysis of multivariate fingertip dermatoglyphic factors and comparison with corresponding individual variables. Annual Human Biology 6(4):357-362.
. Singh I, Garg R.K, (2004). Finger Dermatoglyphics: A study of the Rajputs of Himachal Pradesh. Anthropologist 6 (2): 155-156.
. Tiwari, S.C, Chattopadhyay, P.K, (1967). Finger dermatoglyphics of the Tibetans. American Journal of Physiological Anthropology 26:289–296.
. Umraniya, Y. N. Modi, H.H. and Prajapati, H.K. (2013). Sexual dimophism in Dermatoglyphics pattern study. Medical science 1 (1): 24 – 26.
. Wijerathne, B.T.B., Rathnayake, G.K., Adikari, S.C., Amarasinghe, S., Abhayarathna, P.L.and Jayasena, A.S. (2013). Sexual dimorphism in digital dermatoglyphic traits among Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka. Journal of Physiological Anthropology 32(1):27.
. Wijerathne, B.T.B., Meier, R.J., Agampodi, T.C., Agampodi, S.B.,(2015). Dermatoglyphics in hypertension: a review. Journal of Physiological Anthropology 34 (1):29.
Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.
- It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.
- Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author
- Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.
- If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.
- The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.