Hypothetico-deductive Thinking Model: Candidate Theory and Mechanism for Didactic Transposition and Teaching of the Experimental Sciences
Keywords:Hypothetico-deductive thinking theory, Didactic transposition, Partial Least Squares, Structural Equation Modelling, SmartPLS.
The aim of this study was to construct and investigate the statistical and psychometric properties of the theorized model of the hypothetico-deductive thinking theory as candidate theory for didactic transposition, teaching and learning of thinking and reasoning. The survey involved 150 students of the Upper Sixth Science and Terminale D classes of both subsystems of education in Cameroon. A five point Likert scale questionnaire type was used to obtain data on students’ spontaneous views about the instructional, educational and life skills aspects of the thoracic and vertebral column of the human skeleton and their applicability to problem-solving. Data collected was used to specify a Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM) for the theory. Its statistical and psychometric robustness was investigated using SmartPLS V.2 M3.
Assessment of the measurement model revealed very significant relationships and very high cross loading regression weights between indicators and their corresponding latent constructs. Also, path model assessment revealed very strong discriminant validity, reliability and Cronbach’s alpha statistics. Association between latent constructs were also strongly significant with very adequate predictive relevance and effect sizes. However, the data showed that the model was inadequate in accounting for the variances observed in the dependent constructs judging from the very low variance explained statistic. Within limits of this study, the model furnished convincing statistic and psychometric evidence for further specifications in view of proclaiming the candidate theory as theory for didactic transposition and teaching how to think and reason.
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