Heating Residences Using Solar Power
Keywords:Solar panel, battery, solar energy, central heating system, controller card.
In this study, it was aimed to use the hot water produced using solar power in central heating systems in addition to places such as kitchen, bathroom and toilets, and a prototype was prepared. In the prototype, two 33.5x68.5 cm solar collectors, two boilers one of which is insulated (28 x 28 x 50 cm) and the other stripped (26.5 x 26.5 x 59 cm), a solar panel one radiator (40.5 x 60 cm), automated air relief cock, solenoid valve (12 V DC 14 W), two turbine motors (0.2 A, 220 V AC 40 W), one battery and two solar panels were used. The battery acts as a backup energy source in order for the water to be heated to the desired temperatures at nights, overcasts and times of precipitation, and it is charged using the energy from the solar panels. This is how the system may be used during winter months. As the electrical energy to run the system is taken from the sun, it contributes to minimisation of the increasing electricity costs and protection of the nature by reduction of air pollution. Proton IDE software was used to programme the PIC microcontroller. The software produced using this programme was placed on the PIC with Usburn programme using a Branner 8 PIC programmer.
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