Integrated Water Resources Management on the Southern Slope of the Bamboutos Mountains: Issues Related, Challenges and Prospects

Zeugan Tchouamani Raoul, Kue Petou Malquaire Rokis, Hervé Tsafack


This research on water resource management was carried out on the southern slope of the Bamboutos Mountains. The main objective of this study was to contribute to a better knowledge and understanding of the problems related to the exploitation of water resources on the southern slope of the Bamboutos Mountains in the hope of finding appropriate management strategies. More specifically, it was a matter of identifying the stakeholders involved in the exploitation of water resources on the southern slope of the Bamboutos Mountains, identifying the problems related to the exploitation of water resources on the said slope, determining the causes and consequences of the problems related to the exploitation of the said resource and finally identifying the strategies, as well as their strengths and weaknesses used by local populations to manage the problems related to the use of water resources. Access to secondary data, and semi-structured surveys allowed the study to be conducted. This study shows that the main actors involved in the exploitation of water resources are farmers, households, industries and finally ranchers. The main problems related to the exploitation of the resource on the said slope have been identified as: conflicts of use (48.60%), water-related diseases (21.30%), distance (18%) and finally the scarcity of the resource (11.90%). These problems have as their causes and consequences respectively: overexploitation of the resource (47.30%), climatic variations (21%), pollution of watercourses (30.40%), struggle between users (54.97%), difficulty of supply (20.50%), and decline in both agricultural and domestic activities (24.53%). In order to solve these problems, local populations have developed strategies ranging from agreement to friendly resolution of conflict problems, construction of health centers for waterborne diseases and construction of alternative and closer supply points to solve distance problems. Despite all these measures, these populations are still struggling to cope with problems that affect their daily well-being.    


water resource; stakeholder; watershed; management strategy.

Full Text:



FAO (Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations). 2005. Irrigation in Africa in Figures: AQUASTAT Survey 2005. Fao Water report no. 29. rome, Fao.

WHO (World Health Organization) : Programme commun OMS/UNICEF de suivi de l’approvisionnement en eau et de l’assainissement. Progrès en matière d’assainissement et d’alimentation en eau potable : rapport 2010. Genève, Organisation mondiale de la Santé, 2010.

J. Burton. Integrated water resources management. Training manual. IEPF/AUF. Paris, 2001, 261p

Un-water/wwap. Water, a shared responsibility. Summary of the 2nd United Nations World Water Development Report. UN WATER, 52p, 2006.

Hakimian. Water Scarcity and Food Imports: An Empirical Investigation of the "Virtual Water" Hypothesis in the MENA Region. Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, 1 (1) pp. 71-85, 2003

C. Kaffo. Agricultural and societal water issues on the Bamboutos Mountains (West Cameroon), 2009

J. Ibert, P. Baumard, C. Donada, and J-M. Etxuereb. Methodology of management research: Data collection and management of data sources chapter IX in R.A. Thiétart (Ed.), Nathan. 1999, 22p.

A. Coulibaly. Land conflict management in the North of Ivory Coast Rights, authorities and procedures for conflict resolution. International symposium "Les frontières de la question foncière", Montpellier, 2006.

Fromageot. Agriculture and conflicts in Ivory Coast: market gardening terroirs, conflicting territories. Geoconfluences, 2006.

J. Boutrais. Livestock Highlands of Cameroon, Paris, Orstom editions, 1995.

M. Tsalefac. Recent climate crises and upheavals in the traditional economic system in Fongo-Tongo (Bambutos Mountains, Cameroon). Savanisation process in tropical Africa (Lond), II pp. 95-106, 1994.

G. Howard, J. Bartram. World Health Organization. Water, Sanitation and Health Team. (‎2003)‎. Domestic water quantity, service level and health / Guy Howard and Jamie Bartram. Geneva: World Health Organization.


  • There are currently no refbacks.




About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).