Distributed Leadership Practices of Principals in Government Secondary Schools of East Shewa Zone


  • Zereyaikob Gebresilassie MadaWalabu University, Ethiopia Bale Robe, P.O.Box 247
  • Kenenissa Dabi (Ph.D.) Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia Addis Ababa, P.O.Box 1176


distributed leadership , principals, and leadership practices


The principal objective of this study was to assess the extent to which principals practice distributed leadership in government secondary schools in the East Shewa Zone. Pragmatic worldview guided the study. The study used quantitative approach. The population of the study includes secondary schools working in the Zone. Seven secondary schools were chosen as a sample using simple random sampling. 239 teachers, 14 department heads, and 7 supervisors were chosen as a sample using stratified and availability sampling, respectively. Questionnaires and documents were used to collect the data. Data analysis utilized descriptive statistics, nonparametric statistics, and ordinal regression. The findings indicated a low level of distributed leadership practice. It is recommended that: secondary school principals make effort to understand new leadership practices; Education Offices support secondary schools; the Regional Education Bureau supports principals and education officials; and the Ministry of Education checks the curriculum used for secondary school principals' training.


M. Hiebert and B. Klatt, “The encyclopedia of leadership.A practical guide to classic

and contemporary leadership theories and techniques.”

P. Gronn, “Distributed leadership as a unit of analysis.”The leadership quarterly, 13(4), 423-451.

A. Harris, “Distributed leadership in schools: Leading or misleading?”.Management in Education, 16(5), 10-13.

P. Gronn, 2002; A. Harris 2003; J. P. Spillane, A. Harris, M. Jones, and K. Mertz, “Opportunities and challenges for taking a distributed perspective: Novice school principals’ emerging sense of their new position”. British Educational Research Journal, 41(6), 1068-1085.

C. G. Williams, “Distributed leadership in South African schools: possibilities and constraints.” South African Journal of Education, 31(2).

A. Harris, “Distributed leadership and school improvement: leading or misleading?.” Educational management administration & leadership, 32(1), 11-24.

R. Bolden, “Distributed leadership in organizations: A review of theory and research.” International Journal of Management Reviews, 13(3), 251-269.

A. Harris, “Distributed leadership: According to the evidence.” Journal of educational administration, 46(2), 172-188.

J. P. Grenda and D. G. Hackmann, “Advantages and challenges of distributing leadership in middle-level schools. NASSP Bulletin, 98(1), 53-74.

I. Barker, “Implementation and Perceived Effectiveness of Distributed Leadership in RESA 1 Schools in Southern West Virginia.”

R. Da’as, C. Schechter, and M. Qadach, “School leaders’ cognitive complexity: Impact on the Big 5 model and teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior.” Journal of School Leadership, 30(5), 398-423

M. Liljenburg, “Distributing leadership to establish developing and learning school organisations in the Swedish context.” Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 43(1), 152-170.

L. Moos et al., “How Distributed Leadership Emerges Within Danish Schools-Experiences With New Systems of Governance.” In The Elusive What and the Problematic How (pp. 151-163). Brill.

T. Gemechu, “Development of the Ethiopian school leadership: foundation, self-dependence, and historical erratic evolution.” Journal of Educational Administration and History, 50(4), 343-363.

J. P. Spillane, “Distributed leadership.”InThe educational forum (Vol. 69, No. 2, pp. 143-150).Taylor & Francis Group.

P. Gronn, “Distributed leadership as a unit of analysis.” The leadership quarterly, 13(4), 423-451.

B. G. Davis, “Distributed leadership and school performance (Doctoral dissertation), “The George Washington University).

R. D. Baiza, “Distributive Leadership and Student Achievement: A Case Study (Doctoral dissertation).”

A. Harris, “Distributed leadership: According to the evidence.” Journal of educational administration.

J. P. Spillane & A. Diamond, “Distributed leadership in practice.” New York, NY: Teachers College, Columbia University.

A. Dagnew, “The Practice and Challenges of Distributed Leadership at Some Selected Primary Schcools of Debark District:” Ethiopia. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 1-10.

K. Leithwood, B. Mascall, T. Strauss, R. Sacks, N. Memon & A. Yashkina, “Distributing leadership to make schools smarter:” Taking the ego out of the system. Leadership and policy in schools, 6(1), 37-67.

Y. P. J. V. Chen, “Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance.”Structural equation modeling: a multidisciplinary journal, 14(3), 464-504.

J. Sutton, “Distributed cognition: Domains and dimensions.“Pragmatics& Cognition,14(2), 235-247.

E. Humphreys, “Distributed leadership and its impact on teaching and learning” (Doctoral dissertation, National University of Ireland Maynooth).

L. M. Mphale, “Shared leadership practices: do secondary school heads in Botswana matter. “ Journal of Studies in Education, 5(2), 212-223.

MoE, “Education and training policy of Ethiopia.” Addis Ababa: St. GeorgePrinting Press: MoE.

B. Ishetu, M. Geleta, & G. Desalegn, “Practices and Problems of Exercising Distributive Leadership in Public Secondary Schools of East Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State.”

D. Leta, “The Practices and Challenges of Distributed Leadership in Addis Ababa University’ (Doctoral dissertation, Addis Ababa University).

M. Manaze “Practice and challenges of distributed leadership at public secondary schools of Dessie City Administration.” Asian Journal of Education and e-Learning (ISSN:2321 – 2454) Volume 07– Issue 04 , September 2019

M.Takele “Practices and Challenges of Distributed Leadership at Secondary Schools of Hadiya Zone.”

S. Mesfin, “Practices and Challenges of Distributive Leadership Secondary Schools of AksumTown.” Journal of Education and Practices 20(7).

E. Natsiopoulou and V. Giouroukakis, “Beyond Distributed Leadership.” Newton, R. (2015). How to co-lead a team.

A. A. Tekleselassie, “The Deprofessionalization of School Principalship: Implications for Reforming School Leadership in Ethiopia.International studies in educational administration, 30(3).

J. W. Creswell, “Mapping the field of mixed methods research.”

S. Rahi, “Research design and methods: A systematic review of research paradigms, sampling issues and instruments development.” International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences, 6(2), 1-5.

L. Cohen, L. Manion, and K. Morrison, Research methods in education [5 thedn] London: RoutledgeFalmer. Teaching in higher education, 41, 21.

W. G. Cochran, “Sampling Techniques.” John Wiley &Sons.New York.

G. D. Israel, “Determining Sample Size.” University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS, Florida.

J. P. Spillane, R. Halverson, and J. B. Diamond, “ Investigating school leadership practice: A distributed perspective.” Educational researcher, 30(3), 23-28.

M. W. Davis, “Understanding the Relationship between Mood and Creativity: A Meta-Analysis. “Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 108, 25-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2008.04.001

G. Moller and M. Katzenmeyer, “Awakening the sleeping giant: Leadership development for teachers.”Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

J. M. Weiner, “Finding common ground: Teacher leaders and principals speak out about teacher leadership.” Journal of School Leadership, 21(1), 7-41.

P. E. Hopkins, “Every school a great school: Realizing the potential of system leadership.” McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

D. Nandigam, S. S. Tirumala, and N. Baghaei, “Personalized learning: Current status and potential.” In 2014 IEEE Conference on e-Learning, e-Management and e-Services (IC3e) (pp. 111-116). IEEE.

G. Southworth & H. D. Quesnay, “School leadership and system leadership.” In The educational forum (Vol. 69, No. 2, pp. 212-220).Taylor & Francis Group.

D. Cunningham, “Systems theory for pragmatic schooling: Toward principles of democratic education.” Springer.




How to Cite

Gebresilassie, Z., & Kenenissa Dabi (Ph.D.). (2023). Distributed Leadership Practices of Principals in Government Secondary Schools of East Shewa Zone. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 92(1), 179–198. Retrieved from https://asrjetsjournal.org/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/article/view/8709