Aquatic Macrophytes Composition and Diversity in Selected Sites of Lumbocan River, Butuan City, Agusan del Norte, Philippines
Keywords:Macrophyte species, Quadrat sampling, Biodiversity
The aquatic macrophyte species has a great significant impact to the aquatic ecosystem as they plainly provide shelter for young fishes and other aquatic organisms. This study aimed to assess and evaluate the composition and diversity of macrophyte species in selected sites of Lumbocan River, Butuan City, Agusan del Norte, Philippines. The sampling sites were located near the roadway and considered to be swamp area, also it was primarily located along the middle point of Lumbocan River. Nonetheless, the researchers were utilized quadrat sampling as one of the classic tools used in ecology especially determining the diversity of a specific area. A total of 6 species aquatic macrophytes belonging to 6 families and 3 divisions was primarily collected and plainly identified at the study location. The division of Magnoliophyta had three-identified aquatic macrophytes that includes Pistia stratiotes (Araceae), Ipomea pes-caprae (Convolvulaceae), Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae). While, the division of Pteridophyta had 2 species of aquatic macrophytes, this includes Ceratopteris thalictroides (Parkeriaceae) and Salvinia molesta (Salviniaceae). Lastly, the division of Tracheophyta had only 1 aquatic macrophyte, the Euryale ferox (Nymphaeaceae). Overall species diversity of the study sites is also in medium diversity of 1.745 because most likely the macrophyte communities were similar in all transects. Hence, the research study might be used as a baseline for future research, specifically in the context of the ecosystem services, sustainable macrophytes species monitoring and conservation programmes.
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