Construction 3D Printing Concrete within Indonesia and Malaysia of the Sustainable Future Houses: Environmental Aspect


  • Ahmed B. Shaath Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, 50275 Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
  • Mochamad Agung Wibowo Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, 50275 Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
  • Jati Hatmoko Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, 50275 Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia


3D printing; Sustainable Construction, Construction Technology, Green Building, Smart construction


Global construction industry for construction 3D printing(3DP) is a novel technique that has started since 3DP innovation in 1981 while still, this technique has undergone a challenge in Indonesia and Malaysia's construction industry. Applying 3DP in the construction industry has given various benefits more than the conventional construction way. The most witnessed challenges in this technology are printing material, print equipment, stakeholders, and suppliers. Moreover, the absence of standard codes and policies, structural solidity, and extensibility have been over and over referred to as the most critical issues facing the designers. This research introduces the qualitative analysis based on a questionnaire to evaluate the environmental aspects and then analyze it by applying the strategic planning technique SWOT matrix to help identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats related to this aspect. This research attempted to investigate the environmental aspects of Construction by 3D Printing (C3DP) will be the trending technology in the next 10 years. The research also offers some future research ideas, insights, and recommendations.


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How to Cite

Ahmed B. Shaath, Mochamad Agung Wibowo, & Jati Hatmoko. (2022). Construction 3D Printing Concrete within Indonesia and Malaysia of the Sustainable Future Houses: Environmental Aspect. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 88(1), 248–270. Retrieved from