Preparation and Characterization of Barium Titanate Nano Particles Using Solution Combustion


  • Aliaa A. Razzak Chemistry Division, Applied Science Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Ira.
  • Mahmood M. Barbooti Chemistry Division, Applied Science Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Ira
  • Abeer Abdul Razak Mohammed Collage of Science ,Dpartment of chemistry , Mustansiriryah University


Ferroelectric materials are gaining increased importance as a result of their high dielectric constants making them useful for electrical capacitors, high piezoelectric constants to make sensors, actuators, RF Filters, ferroelectric hysteresis suit making non-volatile memories, high pyroelectric properties for infra-red detectors, thermistors, and strong electro-optic effects to be used in optical switches, data storage, etc. Barium titanate undergoes change in shape from perovskite into cubic structure Curie temperature which causes polarization, or spontaneous, polarization. Many techniques were described for the synthesis of Barium titanate including solid-state reaction, sol-gel method, hydrothermal and solution combustion. Solution combustion. The last method offers good control of the properties to meet specific requirements of the products and allows the preparation of nanomaterials  to suit energy saving and protection of environment made it attractive for many purposes. In the present work barium titanate is synthesized as submicro to nano sized particles using the solution combustion technique utilizing urea and glycerin as fuel / oxidant mixture. The experimental parameters were varied to suit the optimization of the process.


. Khort AA, Podbolotov KB. Preparation of BaTiO3 nanopowders by the solution combustion method Ceramics Inter., 2016; 42: 15343-15348.

. Huang L. Barium titanate nanocrystals and nanocrystal thin films: Synthesis, ferroelectricity, and dielectric properties, J. Appl. Phys., 2006; 100: 034316.

. Boulos M, Guillement-Fritsch S, Mathieu F, Durand B., Lebey T, Bley V. Hydrothermal sysnthesis of nanosized BiTiO3 powders and dielectric properties of corresponding ceramics, Solid State Ionics 2005; 176: 1301.

. Simon-Seveyrat L, Hajjaji AA, Emziane A, Guiffard B, Guyomar D. Re-investigation of synthesis of BaTiO3 by conventional solid-state reaction and oxalate coprecipitation route for piezoelectric applications, Ceram. Int. 2007; 33: 35.

. Xu H, Gao L. Tetragonal Nanocrystalline Barium Titanate Powder: Preparation, Characterization, and Dielectric Properties, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 2003; 86: 203.

. Wang L, Liu L, Xue D, Kang H, Liu C. Wet routes of high purity BaTiO3 powder, J. Alloys Comp. 2007; 440: 78.

. Guangneng F, Lixia H, Xueguang H. Synthesis of single-crystal BaTiO3 nanoparticles via a one-step sol-precipitation route, J. Cryst. Growth 2005; 279: 489.

. Sun W, Li J. Microwave-hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate, Mater. Lett. 2006; 60: 1599.

. Liu, S-F, Robin Abothu I, Komarneni S. Barium titanate ceramics prepared from conventional and microwave hydrothermal powders, Mater. Lett. 1999; 38: 344.

. . Guo L, Luo H, Gao J, Guo L, Yang J. Microwave hydrothermal synthesis of barium titanate powders, Mater. Lett. 2006; 60: 3011.

. Zhao H, Yang G, Wang Z, Cao X, Gu L, Zhao, N. Molten salt route of single crystal barium titanate nanowires, J. Experim. Nanosci., 2015; 104: 1126-36,

. Hernandez Lara JP, Labra MP, Hernández FRB, Serrano JAR, Dávila EOÁ, Thangarasu P, Ramirez AH. Structural Evolution and Electrical Properties of BaTiO3 Doped with Gd, Materials Research, Mat. Res. Vol. 20 No. 2 São Carlos Mar./Apr. 2017 Epub, 2017.

. Bachina A, Ivanov VI, Popkov VI. Peculiarities of LaFeO3 nanocrystals formation via glycine-nitrate combustion A. Nanosystems: Phys., Chem., Math., 2017; 8(5): P. 647–653.

. Deganello F, Tyagi AK. Solution combustion synthesis, energy and environment: Best parameters for better materials, Progress Crystal Growth Character. Materials, 2018; 64 (2): 23-61

. Barbooti MM, Baysal A, AlDarzi N. Spectrochemical Analysis, M.M. Barbooti, Editor, Apple Academic Press, New Jersey, 2015, Chap 2.

. Barbooti MM, Jasim F, and Tobia, SK. High temperature reactions of titanium (iv) oxide with alkali persulfate and their decomposition products, Thermochimica Acta, 1977; 21: 399 - 408.

. Ianculescu A, Gartner M, Despax B, Bley V, Lebey, Th, Gavril? R, Modreanu, M. Optical characterization and microstructure of BaTiO3 thin films obtained by RF-magnetron sputtering, Applied surface science, 2006; 253 (1): 344-348

. Brundle CR, Evans CA, Wilson JS. Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization, Butxetworch-Heinemann, Boston, 1992.

. Karakitsou KE, and Verykios XE. Effects of altervalent cation doping of TiO2 on its performance as a photocatalyst for water cleavage,” J. Phys. Chem., 1993; 97(6): 1184–1189.

. Ashiri R. Detailed FT-IR spectroscopy characterization and thermal analysis of synthesis of barium titanate nanoscale particles through a newly developed process, Vibr. Spectrosc. 2013; 66: 24–29.

. Win T, Naing K, Tun KM. Synthesis of barium titanate from titanyl acylate precursor by sol-precipitate method, J. Mayan. Acad. Arts Sci. 2008; 6(1): 67

. Bazeera AZ, and Amrin MIM. Synthesis and Characterization of Barium Oxide Nanoparticles, IOSR J. Applied Phys. (IOSR-JAP) e-ISSN: 2278-4861, Nat. Conf. Current Advance. Physics, Feb. 3-4th (2017) 76-80. DOI 10.9790/4861-17002017680 A.

. Kaygili O, Bulut N, Tatar C, Ates T, Ince T. Sol-gel synthesis and characterization of TiO2 powder, Int. J. Innov. Eng. Appl. 2017; 2(1): 38-40.

. Zhao H, Yang G, Wang, Z, Cao X, Gu L, Zhao N. Molten salt route of single crystal barium titanate nanowires, J. Experim. Nanosci., 2015; 10(14): 11261136, 2014.980445.

. Lee HW, Moon S, Choi CH, Kim, DK. Synthesis and Size Control of Tetragonal Barium Titanate Nanopowders by Facile Solvothermal Method, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 2012; 1–6 DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05085.

. Maison W, Ananta S, Tunkasiri T, Thavornyutikarn P, and Phanichphant S. Effect of calcination temperature on phase transformation and particle size of barium titanate fine powders synthesized by the catecholate process, Sci. Asia, 2001; 27: 239-243.

. Aliaa A.Razzak, Abdulnasser M.A.,Mohammad J.H.,Preparation of nanocompounds materails by combustion method using urea as fuel, Progress in Industrial Ecology- An International Journal ,2020:14(1):19-29.




How to Cite

Aliaa A. Razzak, Mahmood M. Barbooti, & Abeer Abdul Razak Mohammed. (2022). Preparation and Characterization of Barium Titanate Nano Particles Using Solution Combustion. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 88(1), 302–311. Retrieved from