Assessment of the Relationship between Design and Performance in Infectious Diseases Isolation Facility of Nigerian Hospitals


  • Nurudeen Shehu Barau B.Tech(Arch), M.Tech.(Arch), Ph.D. in-view(Arch), Department of Architecture, ATBU, Bauchi and P.M.B 0248, Nigeria
  • Ibrahim U. Hussaini B.Sc.(Arch), M.Sc.(Arch), Ph.D. (Arch), Department of Architecture, ATBU, Bauchi and P.M.B 0248, Nigeria
  • Usman Bukar Wakawa B.Tech(Arch),M.Tech.(Arch), Ph.D.(Arch)Department of Architecture, ATBU, Bauchi and P.M.B 0248, Nigeria


Assessment, Relationship, Design, Performance, Infectious Diseases, Isolation, Facility, Nigerian, Hospitals


The high and continuous spread of infectious disease such as Corona virus (COVID-19) has affected public health globally. The preparedness of hospitals in the face of this situation is a problem in the Nigerian context, hospitals were faced with the problems of lack of viral containment spaces to isolate suspected cases and treat the infected patients. This research aims at assessing the relationship between design and performance in infectious disease isolation facility of Nigerian hospitals with a view to a framework for setting-up of infectious disease isolation facility in Nigerian hospitals. The research objectives are as follows: (1) To determine the relationship between design and performance of infectious diseases isolation centres in Nigerian hospitals, (2) To determine the perception of medical practitioners in the performance of infectious diseases isolation centre of Nigerian hospitals and (3) To develop a framework or a model for the setting-up of IDIC in Nigerian hospitals. The above objectives were achieved through the employment of quantitative research design approach. This method uses survey questionnaires, about 35 were distributed for the whole sample population, reliability test was conducted, the hypothesis was tested and found significant at P < 0.05 confidence interval. A correlation analysis was conducted. Simple statistical analysis was conducted to determine the mean and frequencies of the analysed data The result of quantitative analysis were presented in frequency tables and pie charts from SPSS v21 analysis output. The result shows that there is a positive relationship between design and performance i.e. the more accurate and satisfying the design is, the higher the result or outcome and performance from the end-users.


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. PROF. ABDULLAHI ABUBAKAR , email:, cellphone: 08037036780 Department of Architecture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

. PROF. YUSUF JIBRIN BARA , email:, cellphone: 08033940611 Consultant Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Bauchi.

. DR. ABDUL A. IS, email:, cellphone: 08039282889 Department of Architecture, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi.




How to Cite

Nurudeen Shehu Barau, Ibrahim U. Hussaini, & Usman Bukar Wakawa. (2021). Assessment of the Relationship between Design and Performance in Infectious Diseases Isolation Facility of Nigerian Hospitals. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 84(1), 1–14. Retrieved from