Preliminary Study of the Prevalence of Atypical Swallowing and Oral Breath in Albanian Children
Keywords:Prevalence, oral habit, atypical swallowing, gender, malocclusion
Introduction: There are a lot of oral habits where is included even non-nutritional habits. These habits have an impact in development of malocclusion in transversal, sagittal, and vertical plane. Appearance of this malocclusion can be explained by equilibrium theory. Aim of this study is to analyze demographic profiles of patients with atypical swallowing and oral breath. Material and methods: The type of study that is done on this focus is “literature review”. In this study are used sources like: scientific journals, books and online studies in PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, SciELO. Chosen studies included a group target of children until age 15 with no other selective criteria. Results: In our country patient with atypical swallowing resulted in 7.6% while oral breath resulted in 19.58% of cases making this the second most frequent habit after thumb sucking. Similar results were nearly found in these types of studies in neighboring countries. The data were analyzed according to gender. Conclusions: Oral breath and atypical swallowing are present in a high frequency in the age group that is taken in study. Study results are similar with the results of the same type of studies in other places. Only a few significant changes were found. It aims to develop preventive strategies to reduce these type of habits. Also it is needed the cooperation between specialists to do early diagnose and to early treat malocclusions.
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