Influence of Socio-demographic Variables on Prevalence of Hypertension in Lahore Division, Pakistan

  • Anam Javed Assistant Professor, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Sufyan Saleem BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muniza Saeed BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Hamid Raza BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Bilal Shahid Lecturer, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Kinza Islam BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
Keywords: Hypertension, cardiovascular, socio-demographic, Lahore, cross section survey


Hypertension is a growing public health issue at global level and it is considered as a potent factor for cardiovascular ailments. But various socio-demographic factors are root causes to provoke this physiological disorder. In current study, through cross sectional survey, performa based data of 100 persons was collected from cities Lahore division, Pakistan. The results showed that males are more suffering than females and fall in age range of 20-40yrs. Most frequently reported initial symptoms are fatigue, irregular heartbeat and difficulty in breathing. Whereas district wise comparison indicated higher prevalence level in Lahore and Kasur than Shiekhupura and Nankana Sahib.   Similarly, ANOVA results highlighted that economic status matters the most, parallel to the extent of awareness among masses, that’s why; mediocre is suffering more than upper or lower class. Thus cost effective treatments based findings should be our future goal to control this growing disease.


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