Survey of Hypocalcaemia Frequency in District Lahore, Pakistan

  • Anam Javed Assistant Professor of Zoology, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Hafiz Imran Hashmi BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Aiman Shahid BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Sidra Mehmood BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Saba Khurshid BS Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
Keywords: Calcium, hypocalcaemia, public awareness, malnourished, economical dietary sources


Calcium is important for regulation of various physiological functions like bones, teeth, different types of muscular movements, blood pressure, body growth and maintenance. But continuous calcium deficiency may cause hypocalcaemia in which major cause is insufficient intake of calcium along with other pathological states, financial constraints and lack of general public awareness about the significance and physiological role of calcium. Statistical analysis on the basis of current survey indicates that females remain malnourished and suffer from hypocalcaemia more than males. That’s why; there is urgent need of organized efforts for general public awareness from government and private platforms. Moreover, future researchers should introduce better diagnosis techniques and economical dietary sources and treatments to reduce frequency of hypocalcaemia.


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