Thyroid Dysfunction in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Sudan


  • Khanssa Osman Mashreq University, Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum North Sudan
  • Dalia Ibrahim Mashreq University, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Science , Khartoum North Sudan


Thyroid dysfunction, Metabolic syndrome, Sudan


Metabolic syndrome defined by the presence of hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemias.  

This study is about thyroid dysfunction in Sudanese patients with metabolic syndrome. The study was conducted in two specialized centers in Khartoum, the first one is Jabir Abu Eliz Specialized Diabetes Centre and Quasbaa specialized Diabetes and Endocrine center, in the period from September to December 2019. The importance of such study is that both condition carry increased cardiovascular risks.

The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among patients with metabolic syndrome in Sudanese patients. It also aims at evaluation of metabolic syndrome components in relation to thyroid status. The patients with metabolic syndrome were randomly selected during their regular visits to the mentioned centers. The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) depended on the IDF worldwide used criteria. Thyroid function tests were done in all patients. Patients’ history, clinical exam including BP, WC, BMI, record of FBS, HbA1c, were all recorded. Obtained data were then analyzed using SPSS software Version 16.  Thyroid dysfunction (TD) is a prevalent disorder detected in 38% of Sudanese patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS ).  Female are more frequently affected (68%) by metabolic syndrome and thyroid dysfunction than men. High TSH level is associated with increased BMI in euthyroid patients. TD is common in patients with metabolic syndrome. Females are by far more common to develop metabolic syndrome and thyroid dysfunction. Screening tests in such patients should be considered for early detection and management to ameliorate cardiovascular risks


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How to Cite

Osman , K., & Ibrahim, D. (2021). Thyroid Dysfunction in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Sudan. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 84(1), 102–117. Retrieved from