BER and Capacity/Spectral Efficiency Enhancement of MIMO Systems Using Digital Antenna Arrays Beamforming

  • Amr H. Hussein Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta 31511, Egypt
  • Nourhan M. Salem Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta 31511, Egypt
  • Mohamed E. Nasr Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta 31511, Egypt
  • Mahmoud M. Selim Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta 31511, Egypt
Keywords: MIMO, ULA array, digital beamforming, ML, ZF, BER, spectral efficiency

Abstract

Multi-input Multi-output (MIMO) systems are of the most promising ones in the field of wireless communications as they provide high data rates and reduce the bit error rate (BER) using spatial multiplexing (SM) and diversity gain techniques, respectively. The deep review of MIMO systems shows that most of them are based on the utilization of uniform linear antennas (ULA) arrays. For further performance enhancement, a new digital array beamforming technique for linear antenna arrays optimization is introduced for both single-user and multi-user MIMO systems to achieve maximum gain. In our proposed technique, the antenna arrays are implemented for a higher gain by adjusting the feeding and the distance between the antenna elements. The modified mathematical model for our proposed digital array beamforming MIMO system has been derived and merged to the current linear detection techniques such as Maximum Likelihood (ML), Zero Forcing (ZF), and Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE). The simulation results demonstrated the superiority of our proposed technique over the traditional MIMO systems in terms of BER and spectral efficiency (SE).

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Published
2021-02-20
Section
Articles