Use of Vermicompost in Pepper Cultive in Cd Contaminated Soil

  • Taciélen Altmayer Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Débora Tairini Brietske Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Jordana Finatto Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Tamara Engelmann Gonçalves Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Maira Cristina Martini Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Gabriela Vettorello Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Ytan Andreine Schweizer Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Sabrina Grando Cordeiro Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Ani Caroline Weber Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Bruna Costa Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Daniel Kuhn Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Claudimar Sidnei Fior Department of Agronomy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, 90040-060, Brazil
  • Eduarda Demari Avrella Department of Agronomy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, 90040-060, Brazil
  • Eduardo Miranda Ethur Department of Agronomy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, 90040-060, Brazil
  • Elisete Maria de Freitas Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
  • Lucélia Hoehne Graduate program in Biotechnology, University of Vale do Taquari - Univates, Lajeado, RS, 95900-000, Brazil
Keywords: Heavy metal, Contaminated soil, Vermicomposting, Capsicum annuum L

Abstract

The recurring presence of heavy metals in the soil may contaminate vegetables that are subsequently consumed by humans. Depending on the concentration, the presence of substances such as cadmium (Cd) in the human body can lead to many diseases. Due to this, it is important to conduct studies that provide quantification and removal possibilities of these elements in contaminated soils.  In this sense, the aim of this paper is to evaluate the use of vermicompost to reduce Cd uptake in pepper and study of the effects in the plants growing. To conduct the experiments, plastic worm reactors containing earthworms (Eisenia andrei) were prepared and filled with different organic matters. After 60 days with controlled temperature and humidity, the vermicompost was collected and mixed with Cd contaminated soil in different proportions, such 0:100; 25:75; 50:50; 75:25 and 100:0 of vermicompost:soil, respectively. After, plants of Capsicum annuum L. were cultivated and 70 days later, the plants were harvested, cleaned, measured, weighed and dried. Moisture, height, fresh and dry masses, fruit protein and Cd were analyzed in the vegetables. The results showed Cd presence in the plants affected the development of the peppers’ shoots and caused a reduction fruits production. Using vermicompost mixed with the soil improved plant development and uptake Cd was reduced to the plants. The best results of plant development were reached in proportions 50% of vermicompost. In conclusion, it is possible to grow pepper on soil contaminated with Cd provided it has a certain amount of vermicompost in the substrate.

References

. S. Nemmiche, P. Guiraud. “Cadmium-induced oxidative damages in the human BJAB cells correlate with changes in intracellular trace elements levels and zinc transporters expression”. Toxicol. Vitr., vol. 37, pp. 169-177, 2016.

. J. Pastuszak, P. Kopeć, A. Plazek, K. Gondek, A. Szczerba, M. Hornyák, et al. “Cadmium accumulation in the grain of durum wheat is associated with salinity resistance degree”. Plant Soil Environ., vol. 66, pp. 257-263, 2020.

. L. Huang, H. C. B. Hansen, H. Wang, J. Mu, Z. Xie, L. Zheng, et al. “Effects of sulfate on cadmium uptake in wheat grown in paddy soil - pot experimente”. Plant Soil Environ., vol. 65, pp. 602-608, 2020.

. K. C. Baby, T. V. Ranganathan. “Effect of enzyme pretreatment on yield and quality of fresh green chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) oleoresin and its major capsaicinoids”. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol., vol. 7, pp. 95-101, 2016.

. S. A. A. A. N Almuktar., M. Scholz M. “Mineral and biological contamination of soil and Capsicum annuum irrigated with recycled domestic wastewater”. Agric Water Manag., vol. 167, pp. 95-109, 2016.

. T. G. Ammari, R. Tahhan, N. Al Sulebi, A. Tahboub, R. A. Ta’any, S. Abubaker. “Impact of intensive greenhouse production system on soil quality”. Pedosphere, vol. 25, pp. 282-293, 2015.

. H. Shan, S. Su, R. Liu, S. Li. “Cadmium availability and uptake by radish (Raphanus sativus) grown in soils applied with wheat straw or composted pig manure”. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., vol. 23, pp. 15208-15217, 2016.

. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária – EMBRAPA. Centro Nacional de Pesquisa Solos: Manual de Métodos de Análise de Solo. Rio de Janeiro, 1997.

. W. Horwitz, G. W. Latimer. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Analytical Chemists International. Gaithersburg, 2005.

. A. N. Kämpf. Produção Comercial de Plantas Ornamentais. Guaíba: Agrolivros, 2005.

. V. Boaro, S. F. Schwarz, P. V. D. Souza, W. Soares, G. V. Lourosa. “Enxofre elementar no manejo do pH de substrato orgânico alcalino”. Ciência Rural, vol. 44, pp. 2111-2117, 2014.

. A. N. Kämpf, C. S. Fior, C. Leonhardt. “Lowering pH value with elemental sulfur in the substrate for ex vitro acclimatization”. Acta Hortic., vol. 812, pp. 415-420, 2009.

. K. Liu, J. Lv, W. He, H. Zhang, Y. Cao, Y. Dai. “Major factors influencing cadmium uptake from the soil into wheat plants”. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., vol. 113, pp. 207-213, 2015.

. A. K. Pandey, S. D. Pandey, V. Misra. “Stability constants of metal-humic acid complexes and its role in environmental detoxification”. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 47, pp. 195-200, 2000.

. M. A. Khan, X. Ding, S. Khan, M. L. Brusseau, A. Khan, J. Nawab. “The influence of various organic amendments on the bioavailability and plant uptake of cadmium present in mine-degraded soil”. Science of the total environment, vol. 636, pp. 810-817, 2018.

. T. Cavins, B. Whipker, W. Fonteno, B. Harden, I. McCALL, J. Gibson. “Monitoring and managing pH and EC using the PourThru extraction method”. Hortic. Inf. Leafl., vol. 590, pp. 1–17, 2000.

. G. Schafer, P. Vitor, D. D. E. Souza, C. S. Fior. “Um panorama das propriedades físicas e químicas de substratos utilizados em horticultura no sul do Brasil”. Ornam. Hortic., vol. 21, pp. 299-306, 2015.

. K. M. Goh, R. J. Haynes. “Evaluation of potting media for commercial nursery production container-grown plants”. New Zeland Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 20, pp. 363-370, 2012.

. J. Xin, B. Huang, H. Dai, W. Zhou, Y. Yi, L. Peng. “Roles of rhizosphere and root-derived organic acids in Cd accumulation by two hot pepper cultivars”. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., vol. 22, pp. 6254-6261, 2015.

. A. Khan, S. Khan, M. Alam, M. A. Khan, M. Aamir, Z. Qamar, et al. “Toxic metal interactions affect the bioaccumulation and dietary intake of macro- and micro-nutrients”. Chemosphere, vol. 146, pp. 121-128, 2016.

. L. Goswami, A. K. Patel, G. Dutta, P. Bhattacharyya, N. Gogoi, S. S. Bhattacharyya. “Hazard remediation and recycling of tea industry and paper mill bottom ash through vermiconversion”. Chemosphere, vol. 92, pp. 708-713, 2013.

. I. Wendling, D. Guastala, R. Dedecek. “Características físicas e químicas de substratos para produção de mudas de Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.”. Rev. Árvore., vol. 31, pp. 209-220, 2007.

. A. Zaniewicz-Bajkowska, R. Rosa, J. Franczuk, E. Kosterna. “Direct and secondary effect of liming and organic fertilization on cadmium content in soil and in vegetables”. Plant Soil Environ., vol. 53, pp. 473-481, 2007.

. A. C. Zandron, C. D. S. Rodrigues, C. A. Machado, M. P. Braga, P. R. R. Chagas. “Influência do substrato no desenvolvimento de muda e o reflexo na produção de tomate T49-12”. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 21, 2003.

. M. P. Benavides, S. M. Gallego, M. L. Tomaro. “Cadmium toxicity in plants”. Braz. J. Plant Physiol., vol. 17, pp. 21-34, 2005.

. J. Balík, J. Cerný, M. Kulhánek, O. Sedlár. “Soil carbon transformation in long-term field experiments with different fertilization treatments”. Plant Soil Environ., vol. 64, pp. 578-586, 2018.

Published
2021-02-13
Section
Articles