A Review: Dermal Ailments Causing Microbiota

  • Anam Javed Assistant Professor of Zoology, School of Zoology, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Hira Jaffar BS researcher, Department of Zoology, University of Sargodha (RCS campus), Narowal, Pakistan.
  • Saira Mushtaq BS researcher, Department of Zoology, University of Sargodha (RCS campus), Narowal, Pakistan.
Keywords: Skin, microbial invasion, dermal ailments, skin microbiota, personal hygiene


Though skin is protective shield of body still it is prone to not only wounds, burns but also to microbial invasion which may be mainly due to bacteria, fungi or various strains of viruses. Frequently reported dermal ailments are acne, measles, psoriasis, impetigo, cellulitis, molluscum contagiosum, tinea capitis, tinea pedis, atopic dermatitis, chronic wounds, ring worm, scabies, and onychomycosis which have broad spectrum pathophysiological effects. There are several root causes of the onset of development of infectious skin microbiota but major ones are intake of improper diet and lack of personal hygiene awareness and practice. To control these skin microbial diseases further research is required to find out low cost healthy food alternatives and programmed public awareness related to personal hygiene.       


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