Development of the Genotyping Protocol for the Study of Genetic Polymorphisms of CYP450 2C9 (CYP2C9 * 2, * 3) and VKORC1 1639G> A
Keywords:acenocoumarol, genetic polymorphism, VKORC1, CYP2C9, PCR RFLP
Two genes are mainly involved in the variability of the response to Acenocoumarol: one encoding the vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKORC1) pharmacological target of AVKs, and the other encoding the cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9), responsible for the metabolism of coumarin derivatives to inactive metabolites.The objective of our work is to develop a genotyping technique in order to study this genetic polymorphism within the Algerian population.Genotyping is performed by RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) PCR over 4 steps: DNA extraction, amplification, enzymatic digestion and electrophoresis. The FDA has approved that the use of genetic testing may help healthcare professionals better predict steady-state doses of vitamin k antagonists in order to optimize the management of patients treated with this drug.
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