Fertility Intention and Family Planning use Among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) on Follow up Care Western Shoa Zone, Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART) Unit, Oromia, Ethiopia


  • Mitsiwat Abebe
  • Getabalew Endazenaw


Family Planning Use, Fertility Intention, People living with HIV and Antiretroviral treatment


HIV positive individuals may or may not have intention to have children. They could also have different degrees of utilization and demand for family planning. The desire of HIV infected persons to have children in the future has significant implication for the transmission of HIV to their sexual partners or newborns. So, this study contributes a lot for program planner or other interested group. The study was designed to determine the fertility desire and contraceptive utilization among People Living with HIV on ART follow up care in western Shoa Zone. A cross sectional institution based study design supplemented by qualitative in-depth interview was done between December  to May 2012. The study was conducted in western Shoa Zone (three Hospital; Ambo, Gedo and Gindeberet hospital), western Ethiopia. The study population were all People Living with HIV who had at list one visit to the selected ART units and age group 15- 49 for women and 15-59 for men and the sample size taken was 462 and data were analyzed by spss version 16 computer software. Those who desire to have child are those who have no child, married and whose partners have desire to have children (P< 0.01). Those who were using family planning were educated (secondary and post-secondary education), married, having three or more children and having knowledge on Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (P<0.05). This study indicates that Couples or individuals in need of children should be supported by availing adequate information on the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in line with the country's HIV prevention and control plan and strategy since high number of participants are in need of children.


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How to Cite

Abebe, M., & Endazenaw, G. (2015). Fertility Intention and Family Planning use Among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) on Follow up Care Western Shoa Zone, Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART) Unit, Oromia, Ethiopia. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 12(1), 75–91. Retrieved from https://asrjetsjournal.org/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/article/view/632