Agricultural Risks and Social Vulnerability in Rural Areas in The Commune of Houéyogbé in South-Benin
AbstractThe present research aims at studying the social vulnerability of the agricultural risks in the Commune of Houéyogbé The methodological step used is articulated around the analysis and, their treatment data-gathering of the results. The data-gathering consisted of the information retrieval and of investigation of ground by using the individual talks and the method of x-ray group. The statistics heights of rains and the data hydrometric of the period 1981-2010 then the pedo-geomorphological and agricultural data of same period (SCDA Houéyogbé) made it possible to study the agricultural risks The data and information resulting from the information retrieval and the socio-anthropological investigations made it possible to apprehend the social vulnerability of the rural populations to the agricultural risks.¶The matrix of appreciation of the vulnerability made it possible to determine the current and future vulnerability rural communities (for example, the level of high impact and low capacity of adaptation give the high level of vulnerability).¶With the latter, the strategies of mitigation locally installation are added (early harvest, temporary migration towards the no flooded grounds, etc).¶Moreover, the data and information relating to the agricultural risk management collected with the seat of the specialized organizations such as the ANPC and Caritas-Benign made it possible to propose suitable mechanisms of management.¶
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