Arsenic in Surface Waters: A Report from River Ganga and its Tributary Jamania at Bhagalpur, Bihar, India


  • Ranjan Kumar Mishra University Department of Botany, Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur - 812 007, Bihar, India
  • Bishnu Dev Das Department of Botany, Mahendra Morang Aadarsh Multiple Campus, Biratnagar (Tribhuvan University), Nepal
  • Prashant Chandra kumar NTPC LTD. Barh, Bihar, India
  • Jayanta Choudhary NTPC LTD. Barh, Bihar, India
  • Sanjay Kumar Jha University Department of Geography, TMBU, Bhagalpur-812007, Bihar, India
  • Ruby Kumari University Department of Botany, Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur - 812 007, Bihar, India
  • Sunil Kumar Choudhary University Department of Botany, Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur - 812 007, Bihar, India
  • Niroj Paudel Department of Applied Plant Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Republic of Korea


Arsenic pollution, Surface water, Jamania, River Ganga, Bhagalpur


An investigation has been carried out to examine the arsenic pollution status of River Ganga & its tributary Jamania during pre-monsoon period of  2017 at Bhagalpur, Bihar (India). Altogether 17 water samples from different sampling sites along with their geo co-ordinates have been investigated for the value of arsenic using FTK test as well as spectrophotometer method. Throughout the study, arsenic value ranged from 10.69 ppb to 55.92 ppb. Out of the 17 water samples, the values of arsenic in 13 samples were from 20ppb to 54.1ppb. The concentration levels of arsenic in all the 17 river water samples and 2 public water supply samples (source: river water) in the present study were found above from the permissible limit of WHO (2008) and BIS (2004-2005) standards for drinking which is 10 ppb (part per billion).


. Lorenzen, J.S.J. van Deventer and W.M. Landi (1995). Factors affecting the mechanism of the adsorption of arsenic species on activated carbon, Min. Eng., 8 (1995) 557–569.

. NAS, (1977). Medical and biologic effects of environmental pollutants: arsenic. National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC.

. Taylor, S. R. and McLennan, S. M., (1985).The Continental Crust: Its Composition and Evolution, Blackwell Scientific, London.

. Jacks, G. and Bhattacharya, P. (1998). Arsenic contamination in the environment due to the use of CCA-wood preservatives. In Arsenic in Wood Preservatives: Part I, Kemi Report, vol.3/98:. 7–75.

. Juillot, F., Ildefonse, P. H., Morin, G., Calas, G., de Kersabiec, A. M. and Benedetti, M. (1999). Remobilization of arsenic from buried wastes at an industrial site: mineralogical and geochemical control. Appl. Geochem., 14:1031–1048.

. Nriagu, J. O. and Pacyna, J. M., (1988). Quantitative assessment of worldwide contamination of air, water and soils with trace metals. Nature, 333: 134–139

. Pacyna, J. M. and Pacyna, E. G., (2001). An assessment of global and regional emissions of trace metals to the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources worldwide. Environ. Rev. 9: 269–298.

. Boyle, R. W. and Jonasson, I. R., (1973).The geochemistry of arsenic and its use as an indicator element for geochemical prospecting. J. Geochem. Explor., 2: 252–296.

. Yan Chu, H., (1994). Arsenic distribution in soils. In Arsenic in the Environment, Part I: Cycling and Characterization (ed. Nriagu, J.O.), John Wiley, New York, pp. 17–49.

. Matschullat, J. (2000). Arsenic in the geosphere – a review. Sci. Total Environ., 249 (1-3): 297-312.

. Miteva, E.; Hristova, D.; Nenova, V. and Manava, S. (20050. Arsenic as a factor affecting virus infection in tomato plants: changes in plant growth, peroxidase activity and chloroplast pigments. Scientia Horticulturae, 105: 343-358.

. WHO (2014a). Preventing diarrhoea through better water, sanitation and hygiene: exposures and impacts in low-and middle-income countries. Geneva: ( health/publications/preventing diarrhoea/en/, accessed 10 February 2016).

. Lkr, A., Singh, M.R. and Puro, N. (2020). Assessment of water quality status of Doyang River, Nagaland, India, using Water Quality Index. Appl Water Sci 10, 46.

. Zhang, L. (2017). Different methods for the evaluation of surface water quality: The Case of the Liao River, Liaoning Province, China. International review for spatial planning and sustainable development, Vol.5 No.4, 4-18 DOI: 4

. Das ,BD, Kumar, BN, Mishra, RK and Choudhary, SK. (2018). Assessment of Water Quality Index for the Surface Water in Betna Wetland of Morang District, Nepal, Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR), February , Volume 5, Issue 2:P 831-834.

. Das, BD. ( 2017). Assessment of Surface Water Quality of Chimdi Lake of Sunsari District, Nepal. International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 20-23.

. Jasechko, S.; Perrone, D.; Befus, K.M.; Cardenas, M.B.; Ferguson, G.; Gleeson, T.; Luijendijk, E.; McDonnell, J.J.; Taylor, R.G.; Wada, Y.; et al. (2017). Global aquifers dominated by fossil groundwaters but wells vulnerable to modern contamination. Nat. Geosci., 10, 425–429.

. Meng, Z.; Yang, Y.; Qin, Z. and Huang, L. (2018). Evaluating Temporal and Spatial Variation in Nitrogen Sources along the Lower Reach of River (Shanxi Province, China) Using Stable Isotope and Hydrochemical Tracers. Water, 10, 231.

. Torres Lopez, S.; de los Angeles Barrionuevo, M. and Rodriguez-Labajos, B. (2019). Water accounts in decision-making processes of urban water management: Benefits, limitations and implications in a real implementation. Sustain. Cities Soc., 50, 101676.

. Yu, Z.; Wang, Y.; Li, Y.; Zwahlen, F. and Boillat, J. (2013). Hydrogeochemical characteristics of central Jianghan Plain, China. Environ. Earth Sci. 2013, 68, 765–778.

. Fu, C.; Li, X.; Ma, J.; Liu, L.; Gao, M. and Bai, Z. (2018). A hydrochemistry and multi-isotopic study of groundwater origin and hydrochemical evolution in the middle reaches of the Kuye River basin. Appl. Geochem. 2018, 98, 82–93.

. Misaghi, F.; Delgosha, F.; Razzaghmanesh, M. and Myers, B. (2017). Introducing a water quality index for assessing water for irrigation purposes: A case study of the Ghezel Ozan River. Sci. Total Environ., 589, 107–116.

. APHA. (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. 21st Ed. Amer. Pub. Health Assoc. Inc. Washington D.C.

. Trivedy, R.K. and Goel, P.K. (1986). Chemical and Biological Methods for Water Pollution Studies. Environmental Publication, Karad.

. WHO (2008). Guidelines for Drinking Water Qualit. World Health Organization, Geneva.

. [BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) 10500 ( 2004-2005). Indian Standard Specifications for Drinking Water, New Delhi.




How to Cite

Mishra, R. K. ., Das, B. D. ., kumar, P. C. ., Choudhary, J. ., Jha, S. K. ., Kumari, R. ., Choudhary, S. K. ., & Paudel, N. . (2020). Arsenic in Surface Waters: A Report from River Ganga and its Tributary Jamania at Bhagalpur, Bihar, India. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 71(1), 272–281. Retrieved from