Determination of Mechanical Properties of Compressible Soil in Littoral's Region of Cameroon: Depths Study of Soils Bordering the Wouri River in Douala.

  • Michael Soup Teoua Ouagni Dschang school of science and technology (DSST), Department of physics, Mechanical unit of research and modeling physical systems, Energy-Mechanic, University of Dschang, P.O BOX 4063 Douala, Cameroon
  • François Ngapgue Fotso Victor Institute of Technology, University of Dschang, P.O BOX 134 Bandjoun, Cameroon
  • Simon Ngoh Koumi Department Thermal Engineering and Energy, Douala University Institute of Technology, P.O BOX 8698 Douala, Cameroon
  • Alain Soup Tewa Kammogne Laboratory of Condensed Matter, Electronics and Signal Processing (LAMACETS),Faculty of sciences, University of Dschang P.O BOX 067 Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Fabien Kenmogne Department of Civil Engineering, Higher Technical Teacher Training College (ENSET), University of Douala, P.O BOX 1872 Douala, Cameroon.
Keywords: Clays, Oedometer test, Compression index, Expansion ratio, Compressible soil


This work deals to the determination of the expansion ratio ( ) and compression index ( ) of soil samples taken at several points around the Wouri coast river of Cameroon. These parameters are the most important soil parameters, necessary to be known before each building project. The undisturbed soils samples are taken at nine different points labeled as P1, P2... P9 at the depths varying from 5m to 9.5 m and distanced around 10 to 15 meters. These studies are motivated by the fact that in this region, mechanical properties of soil have huge effects on buildings. By plotting the void ratio as a function of the logarithm of the pressure, these mechanical parameters are found and compared to that obtained from the inner land of Cameroon, Yaoundé town chosen as an example. As a result, this comparison has allowed us to classify the soil and give some practical advantages when carrying out civil engineering works such as buildings, bridges in coastal area.


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