The Role of Pakistan Against Counter Terrorism

  • Soomro Shabbir Ahmed PhD student at Jinan University Guangzhou, China 510632
Keywords: Afghanistan, National Security Policy, Pakistan, Terrorism, Zarb-e-Azab


Pakistan joined global efforts to curb terrorism right after 9/11 and kept on playing a vital role as a frontline ally. The country's role in War on Terror was inevitable due to multiple factors such as geography, supply routes and intelligence sharing. Over time, Pakistan carried out numerous operations to dislodge trans-national militants in its tribal areas. After constant terror attacks, it aimed at launching comprehensive operations against terrorists hiding in every nook and corner of the country. Keeping counter-terror policies of Pakistan, the paper is divided into three eras. First, the Musharaf era (2001-2008), in which Pakistan relied on military operations, banned extremist organizations, reformed Madrasahs and drone strikes. Whereas, the second era, under Pakistan People's Party encompasses the overwhelming reliance on Drone Warfare and military operations in Swat and South Waziristan Agency. During the third era, Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif came up with the idea of peace talks with the militants, that went futile and operation Zarb-e-Azab was launched against militants.


. Anup Kaphle, “Pakistan Announces a National Plan to Fight Terrorism”,December 24, 2014,[Accessed: Dec26,2019]

. Fahad Naveed, “Dar Unveils Agri-Focused Budget to Meet Growth Target”, June 4,2016, [Accessed: Dec 4,2019]

. Hassan Belal Zaidi, “NAP Body Led by NSA Merely Administrative”,August 17, 2016,[Accessed: Dec 17,2019]

. Ismail Khan, “Reforms Proposed for Fata’s Merger into KP”, June 13, 2016,[Accessed: Dec23, 2019]

. Zulfiqar Hameed, “Changes in Pakistan’s Counter Terrorism Legal Regime”, New America,June 11, 2015, [Accessed: Dec 11, 2019]

. Kashif Zafar, “Operation Zarb-e-Ahan: Every Terrorist Will Be Eliminated, Says Sukhera,”April 11, 2016,[Accessed: Dec 11, 2019,]

. NewsOnePK, “Interview: Karachi operation will continue until peace is established: Corps Commander Karachi”, February 24, 2015, [Accessed: Dec 24,2019]

. Staff Reporter, “Sindh Apex Body Bans Display of Weapons”, April 18, 2015,[Accessed: Dec 18, 2019]

. “Sindh, Baluchistan to Combat Terrorism Together”, February 13, 2015, [Accessed: Dec 13, 2019]

. Zahir Shah Sherazi. “TTP Claims Attack on Karachi Airport”,June 9, 2014,[Accessed: Nov 9, 2019]

. Zulfiqar Ali. “Sleeper Cells Being Eliminated in KP: Army”,May 31, 2016,[Accessed: Nov 30, 2019]