Association of Dietary Practices and Lifestyle Modifications in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Pakistani Women

  • Shahnai Basharat University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Fatima Binté Ahsan University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Mehak Zubair University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Azka Ahmad Chaughatta University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Ashna Mahmood University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Urva Mahmood University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Ahsan Sattar Sheikh Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Syed Amir Gillani University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Keywords: GERD, Dietary habits, lifestyle, heartburn, sedentary life, physical activity

Abstract

Background: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) incidence is increasing day by day due to lifestyle changes and living standards that resulted in esophagitis, esophageal adenocarcinoma, Barrett’s esophagus and many other illness worldwide. Patients with GERD live with poor quality life and have low work capacity.  Aims: Main aim of the study is to diagnose GERD in early stages for the reduction in mortality and morbidity at different age groups. Methods: The pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data from Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore. A total of 230 female patients screened for GERD symptoms were included in this study. The collection of demographic data, dietary intake, lifestyle habits, physiology, and physical analysis were gathered during the 4 months.   Results: Data analysis shows us that GERD is highly significant with age, occupation. Moreover, burping is highly significant in these patients. Fried fatty foods, spicy foods, fizzy drinks, garlic intake were also correlated to GERD symptoms. These subjects also suffer from more skin problems.  Conclusion: From our results, we infer that GERD has a very strong bond with dietary and lifestyle patterns. If these parameters are kept under control, GERD patients will be less agonize from complications and minimize our morbidity and mortality. 

Author Biography

Ashna Mahmood, University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
University Institute of Diet & Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences

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Published
2020-02-11
Section
Articles