Status quo of Biodiesel Production in Africa: A Review on Technological Options, Policies and Aboriginal Feedstock Potential
AbstractGrowing industrialization, modernization along with better living standards in Africa, are expected to rise in the coming years with energy demand, increasing eventually. This expansion is occurring at a time when oil prices have reached new heights. Unstable oil prices do indeed, increase the vulnerability of importers. However, it also presents an opportunity to explore promising technical options to help reduce the over-reliance on imported petroleum fuels. Biofuels including biodiesel, offer new opportunities for African countries. They can contribute to economic growth, and rural incomes for some countries and provide low cost fuel for others. In this paper: the importance, properties, vegetable feed-stocks and enhancement in technology for production of biodiesel are described, including; characterization, engine performance, energy actual state, current situation of biodiesel and bioenergy policies in Africa. From the exploration, it is inferred that; there are auspicious oil resources in the plan for biodiesel industrialization in Africa.
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