Language Games and Acquisition of Speaking Skills among Students of Junior High School in Hohoe Municipality, Ghana

  • Dr. James Odhiambo Oringo PhD Candidate at Kenyatta University, Kenya , Member of Admission Committee, Gender Champion and Class Advisor at St Francis College of Education, Ghana
  • James Odhiambo Oringo PhD, Lecturer and Independent Consultant , Lecturer, Kenyatta University, School of Business, Department of Business Administration, Major Interests in Strategy and Innovation
Keywords: Language Games, Speaking Skills, Role Plays, Problem-Solving, Puzzles, Board Race Games

Abstract

Speaking is one of the basic language skills that students should master in order to communicate effectively and interact with others. Speaking skills are necessary for the social as well as academic life of a person by becoming responsive as well as receptive to information thus forming a favorable impression of oneself. Internationally, there is a debate that several high school graduates cannot properly speak English language and even the bright learners who get high scores in written tests cannot express themselves verbally, despite English being the official language of instruction in these schools Language learning is a hard task and it requires extraordinary efforts to realize the desirable outcomes. Language games are techniques and procedures that may be used by instructors to improve the speaking skills. Accordingly, the main objective of this study was to establish the effect of language games on acquisition of speaking skills among students of Junior High School in Hohoe Municipality in Ghana. Specifically, the study sought to establish the effect of role plays, problem-solving, puzzles, and board race games on acquisition of speaking skills among students of Junior High School in Hohoe Municipality in Ghana. The research was an empirical analysis and thus adopted an empirical research design and content analysis was used in the analysis of the qualitative data. The study revealed that language games significantly influence the acquisition of the speaking skills of the students. The study further found that using language games in teaching enhances the students’ achievement and results of speaking skills. Students enjoyed their lesson and got more motivation, interest, and confidence when learning is based on the use of language games. Hence, language games should be used as designed activities in teaching speaking skills. The study findings were generalized to students of Junior High School in Hohoe Municipality in Ghana, who like many other students in Ghana, require proficiency in speaking and writing skills, specifically in English which is used in Ghanain schools to teach subjects such as mathematics, science, social studies, art, and information and communication technology. Yet, English language is a second language to many Ghanaian students irrespective of their level in the education ladder. The outcomes of this study can be useful to Ghanian schools, researchers, scholars and the Government of Ghana.   

References

AL-Garni, S. A., & Almuhammadi, A. H. (2019). The Effect of Using Communicative Language Teaching Activities on EFL Students’ Speaking Skills at the University of Jeddah. English Language Teaching, 12(6).

Alharbi, A. Heba, (2015). Improving Students’ English Speaking Proficiency in Saudi Public Schools. International Journal of Instruction, Vol. 8, No. 1 Jan 2015.

Alonso, A. Rosa, (2014). Teaching Speaking: An Exploratory Study in Two Academic Contexts. PORTA LINGUARUM 22, Junio 2014.

Amrullah, A. Z. (2015). Developing Language Games to Teach Speaking Skill for Indonesian Senior High School Learners. JEELS (Journal of English Education and Linguistics Studies), 2(2).

Bakhshizsdeh, Y., & Alaie, B. (2017). The Effect of problem-Solving Tasks on the Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners’ Speaking Skill. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 4(6), 174-182.

Chen, Y. H. Lin, C. P. Looi, C. K. Shao, Y. j. & Chan, T.W. (2012). A Collaborative Cross Number Puzzle Game to Enhance Elementary Students' Arithmetic Skills. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology - TOJET, 11 (2), p1-14. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No EJ989008)

Derakhshan, A., & Khatir, E. D. (2015). The effects of using games on English vocabulary learning. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 2(3), 39-47.

Dewi, R. S., Kultsum, U., & Armadi, A. (2017). Using Communicative Games in Improving Students' Speaking Skills. English Language Teaching, 10(1), 63-71.

Dhumal, M. (2015). Gaming and Simulation in English Language Teaching: A Symbiotic Interweave Towards Language Efficiency. International Conference on Language Learning and Teaching at HCT Dubai’s Men’s College, 8(1). Retrieved from http://www.21caf.org/uploads/1/3/5/2/13527682/59-64.dhumal.pdf

Dorleku, A. (2013). Teaching and learning in border towns: a study in some junior high schools along the Ghana-Togo border (Doctoral dissertation).

Garg, S., & Gautam, A. (2015). Learning English can change your life for the better. International Journal of English Language, Literature and Humanities, III(II).

Islam, P., & Islam, T. (2012). Effectiveness of role play in enhancing the speaking skills of the learners in a large classroom: An investigation of tertiary level students. Stamford Journal of English, 7, 218-233.

Keshta, A. S. & Al-Faleet, F. K. (2013). The Effectiveness of Using Puzzles in Developing Palestinian Tenth Graders' Vocabulary Achievement and Retention. Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 46-57. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20130101.16

Khairunnisa, K. (2019, June). Students’ Perspectives on Classroom Speaking Activity: The existing speaking activity and recommended classroom speaking activity. In Eleventh Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2018). Atlantis Press.

Krashen, S.D. (1985). The natural approach; Language acquisition in the classroom. New York: Prentice Hall.

Krippendorff, K. (2018). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Sage publications.

Kuśnierek, A. (2015). Developing students’ speaking skills through role-play. World Scientific News, (7), 73-111.

Kusumawati, F. P. (2017, December). Board race to boost students’ vocabulary mastery. In Proceedings of INACELT (International Conference on English Language Teaching) (Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 113-120).

Kwarteng, F., & Ahia, F. (2013). Rethinking English language in Ghanaian schools. Published on GhanaWeb. com on October, 15, 2013.

Lander, E. (2018, May). 10 Best ESL Games for English Teachers Abroad. Go Overseas. https://www.gooverseas.com/blog/10-best-games-esl-teachers.

Mahmoud, A. A. A., & Tanni, Z. A. (2014). Using Games to Promote Student. Motivation towards Learning English, Al-Quds. Open University Journal for Educational & Psychological Research & Studies, 2(5).

Mir’atus, S. A. (2018). Improving The Students’ speaking Ability in Expressing Opinion Through Problem Based Learning Strategy for The Eleventh Grade Students of Man 2 Semarang in The Academic.

Mubaslat, M. M. (2012). The Effect of Using Educational Games on the Students' Achievement in English Language for the Primary Stage. Online Submission.

Oradee, T. (2012). Developing speaking skills using three communicative activities (discussion, problem-solving, and role-playing). International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 2(6), 533.

Puspitorini, F. (2018). The Influence of Role Play on Students' English Speaking Skill at Nine Graders. JELE (Journal of English Language and Education), 4(1), 21-27.

Riahipour, P., & Saba, Z. (2012). ESP vocabulary instruction: Investigating the effect of using a game oriented teaching method for learners of English for nursing. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 3(6), 1258-1266.

Saraswati, D. (2015). The Use of Board Game to Improve Students’ Grammar Mastery (Doctoral dissertation, Thesis. IAIN Salatiga).

Sarwar, M., Alam, M., Hussain, A., Shah, A.A., & Jabeen, M. (2014). Assessing English Speaking skills of Perspective teachers at entry and graduation level in teacher education program. Language Testing in Asia a Springer Open Journal.

Sevy-Biloon, J. (2016). Different reasons to play games in an English language class. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 5(1), 84-93.

Verah, M. (2017). Factors affecting students’ acquisition of speaking skills in English among secondary schools in Turkana East District, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation).

Zhu, D. (2012). Using Games to Improve Students' Communicative Ability. Journal of Language Teaching & Research, 3(4).

Published
2019-11-11
Section
Articles