Development of an Automatic Broiler Feeding System using PLC and HMI for Closed House System

  • Puspo Dewanto Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia
  • M. Munadi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia
  • Mohammad Tauviqirrahman Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia
Keywords: broiler; closed house system; feed sensor; programmable logic controller; human machine interface.


Nowadays, the industrial revolution is changing many aspects of life, including how to raise broilers. The development of modern breeding methods for broilers is by using closed house system innovations. This system has several advantages, including temperature and humidity that must be maintained for broilers. In addition, to temperature and humidity, the broiler feeding systems also needs to be controlled because it will improve the quality of broilers. It is caused by the utilization of the majority of conventional feeding systems. Therefore, this research will develop a prototype of an automatic broiler chicken feeding system for the closed house system that is affordable for conventional chicken farmers. The main components used are PLC for system control applications, HMI for visualization display, and 2 proximity sensors as detectors. This automatic feeding system uses two proximity sensors that are controlled by a PLC, and settings using the SIMATIC Manager software. The prototype of the automatic broiler chicken feed system produced is very effective in use.


. Sams, A. R. (2016), “Poultry Processing and Products,” Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA: Elsevier Inc.

. Priyatno. (2003), “Mendirikan Usaha Pemotongan Ayam,”, Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

. E. Sujana, S. Darana, dan I. Setiawan. “Implementasi Teknologi Semi Closed-house System pada Performan Ayam Broiler di Test Farm Sustainable Livestock Techno Park, Kampus Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor,” in Proc. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner, pp. 362-366, 2011.

. A. N. Kholidi, A. Trisanto, & E. Nasrullah. “Rancang Bangun Alat Pemberi Pakan dan Pengatur Suhu Otomatis untuk Ayam Pedaging Berbasis Programmable Logic Controller pada Kandang Tertutup.” Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Elektro, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 86-95, 2015.

. R. Prihandanu, A. Trisanto, & Y. Yuniati. “Model Sistem Kandang Ayam CLosed House Otomatis Menggunakan Omron Sysmac CPMIA 20-CDR-A-VI.” Electrician Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Elektro, vol. 9, no 1, pp. 54-62, 2015.

. N. S. Amir, A. M. F. M. Abas, N. A. Azmi, Z. Z. Abidin and A. A. Shafie. "Chicken Farm Monitoring System," in Proc. 2016 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE), Kuala Lumpur, 2016, pp. 132-137.

. S. Jindarat, and P. Wuttidittachotti. "Smart Farm Monitoring using Raspberry Pi and Arduino," in Proc. 2015 International Conference on Computer, Communications, and Control Technology (I4CT), Kuching, 2015, pp. 284-288.

. T. Upachaban, A. Boonma and T. Radpukee. "Climate Control System of a Poultry House using Sliding Mode Control," in Proc. 2016 International Symposium on Flexible Automation (ISFA), Cleveland, OH, 2016, pp. 53-58.

. R. Fadillah, A. Polana, S. Alam, & E. Parwanto. (2007), “Sukses Beternak Ayam Broiler,” Jakarta: Agromedia Pustaka.

. D.M. Suci, E. Mursyida, T. Setianah, & R. Mutia. “Program Pemberian Makanan Berdasarkan Kebutuhan Protein dan Energi pada Setiap Fase Pertumbuhan Ayam Poncin.” Media Peternakan (Journal of animal Science and Technology), vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 70-76, 2005.

. Y. Sudaro, & A. Siriwa. (2007). “Ransum Ayam dan Itik,” Cetakan IX. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

. G. Towler, R. Sinott. (2013). Specification and Design of Solids-handling Equipment, Chemical Engineering Design, (Chapter 18, 2nd Edition).

. R.I. Mutta, S.N. Deshpande, & M.A. Chaudhari. “PLC Based Poultry Automation System.” International Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 2277- 8179, 2014.

. V. Kowsalya, P. Manisha, S.S. Kumar, G. Priyanka, & R.M. Raj. “Automation of Poultry Farm using PLC.” International Journal of Advanced Science and Engineering Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 114-119, 2019.

. M. Honal, and T. Schultz. "Identifying User State using Electroencephalographic Data,” In Proc. International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, Trento, 2005.

. J. Dai, J.R. Grace. “A Model for Biomass Screw Feeding.” Powder Technology, vol. 1, no. 86, pp. 40-44, 2008.

. F. Soavi, Zurla. “A New Type of Screw Conveyor for Metallic Chips.” Annals of the ClRP, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 400-404, 1990.

. G.P. Prasetyo, M. Munadi, M. Tauviqirrahman. “Design and Development of Broiler Feeding System for Chiken Model Closed-House System.” International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 4842-4846, 2019.

. M. Pezo, L. Pezo, A.P. Jovanovi, A. Terzic, L. Andric, B. Loncar, P. Kojic. “Discrete Element Model of Particle Transport and Premixing Action in Modified Screw Conveyors.” Powder Technology, vol. 336, pp. 255-254, 2018.