Child Sexual Exploitation Investigation in Vietnam and Recommendations

  • Kien Le Trung Lieutenant Colonel, PhD, Vice Dean of the Post-graduate Training Institute, The People's Police Academy, Vietnam
  • Thu Nga Tran Thi Major, PhD, Vice Dean of the Environmental Police Department, The People's Police Academy, Vietnam
Keywords: child sexual exploitation, crime, child rape, child molestation, sexual intercourse, children.


Child sexual exploitation has been a serious trouble in Vietnam for a long time. Since 2014, the law enforcement instituted about 1,200 to 1,900 cases annually. Statistics show about 2,000 children are victims of child sexual exploitation crime every year, in which girls account for approximately 80%. A worrying trend is there are more and more children under 6 years old become victims. Thanks to recent efforts from the government and other stakeholders, the situation of this crime has been improvd effectively. In the coming years, all stakeholders need to adopt several measures for preventing and suppressing this type of crime. This paper presents some main problem, giving causes and effects, the recommendation and solution of issue. If these solutions could be applied, they will help to deal with child sexual more feasible; therefore, raising and minimizing this type of violation in Vietnam in the coming time.


. National Assembly of Vietnam, 2017, Penal Code of Vietnam 2015 (amended 2017), English version at

. Central Database of Legal Normative Documents portal of Vietnam, 2016, Law on Children 2016, available at

. Online newspaper People (Nhân dân) – A central agency of Communist Party of Vietnam, June 5, 2018, Dealing with Child Abuse Exploitation: Need Efforts of the Whole Political System, , available at [accessed on November 26, 2018]

. Thai Yen (2018), Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation – Prosecution Must Go alongside Investigation, Online newspaper People’s Representative (Đại biểu nhân dân) – Voice of National Assembly of Vietnam, available at [accessed on November 26, 2018]

. Nguyen Hoang Tung (2018), Several Theoretical Issues on Child Sexual Exploitation Prevention, available at [accessed on December 1, 2018]

. Do Van Thanh (2018), Characteristics, Reasons and Solutions for Child Sexual Exploitation Prevention in Our Country, The People’s Police Academy Magazine, available at [accessed on December 1, 2018]

. Kim Thanh, Don’t Let Child Sexual Exploitation Cases Come into Silence, Online newspaper of Communist Party of Vietnam, available at [accessed December 2, 2018]

. Nguyen Hoang, Multi-stakeholders’ effort to fight against Child Sexual Abuse, Online newspaper of the Government of Vietnam, available at [accessed December 2, 2018]

. Government of Vietnam Report No. 454/BC-CP dated October 17, 2017 on Implementing the National Goal of Gender Equality (2017)

. The portal of MOLISA (2016), Community involves in preventing, assisting and protecting sexual abused children, available at [accessed December 2, 2018]

Internet Source:

. Vietnam Law and Legal Forum magazine, Vietnam News Agency, Alarming rise in child sexual abuse, Available at [accessed November 6, 2018]

. Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics (UCR) [accessed November 25, 2018]

. The Government of Vietnam (2017), The Instruction No. 18/CT-TTg on Enhancing Measures on Child Sexual Exploitation Prevention and Suppression

. UNODC November, 2018, Training course on “Improving Effectiveness in the Prosecution and Supervision over CSE cases” in Vinh Phuc

. Supreme People’s Court of Vietnam issued the official dispatch No. 99/TANDTC-PC on establishment of Court for Family and Juvenile [accessed November 26, 2018]

. 10 Cases Wen to Trial among 800 Child Abuse Cases, available at [accessed December 2, 2018]

. Online newspaper of Vietnam General Confederation of Labor (2017), Child Protection Hotline 111: Receive 28,000 calls per month, available at [accessed December 2, 2018]

. MPS of Vietnam, 2018, Report of the High Tech Crime Department 2010 - 2018

. Nhat Quang (2016), Boy pornographic website operator revealed, Online newspaper of MPS of Vietnam, available at [accessed December 2, 2018]

. The online journal of Voice of Vietnam (VOV), The crimes on cyberspace is like those in real life, available at [accessed November 6, 2018]

. The portal of MOLISA (2017) Child Sexual Exploitation Prevention and Suppression, [accessed December 2, 208]