Perception of Track and Field Athletes on the Use of Cryotherapy in Injury Management in Ashanti Region of Ghana

  • Monday Omoniyi Moses Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology, Kumasi,+233,Ghana
  • Peter Akwasi Sarpong Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology, Kumasi,+233,Ghana
  • John Kwame Segede Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology, Kumasi,+233,Ghana
  • Eric Junior Appiah Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology, Kumasi,+233,Ghana
  • Francis Osei Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology, Kumasi,+233,Ghana
  • Lady Gwendoline Akwa Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology, Kumasi,+233,Ghana
Keywords: Perception, Uses of cryotherapy, Athletics, Injury management.

Abstract

The use of cryotherapy in injury management (IM) has been widely studied but report on track and field athletes’ (TFAs) perception in Ghana remains scarce. TFAs in Ashanti region of Ghana habitually sustained acute injuries due to competition stressors that typically affect peak performance like in other contact games. Despite been observed that sustained injuries accomplished cryotherapy treatment, TFAs’ visit to non-clinical therapy nonetheless remain prominent. This cross-sectional study therefore documents the perceptions of TFAs on the use cryotherapy in IM. Ninety five [mean age = 22.26±1.10years, 59 (62.1%) males, 36(37.9%) females] TFAs camped at the Babayara Sports stadium Kumasi in preparation for 11th African Games were purposively sampled. Self-structured and validated instrument on the use of cryotherapy in IM was administered to elicit TFAs perceptions. TFAs perceived the use of cryotherapy in IM as significant [F = 788.884, X2 = 404.192, df = 94, p = .000].Gender influence on TFAs perception of use of cryotherapy in IM was not significantly different. Mainstream significantly professed at least a good feeling (79.0%, X2 = 37.000, p = 000) after receiving cryotherapy treatment. As such, attachement of Physical Therapists to the TFAs training sessions in Ashanti region, provision of enabling environment and equipment to enhance effective IM processes through cryotherapy are strategic approaches advocated. 

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Published
2017-02-28
Section
Articles