A New Record: Cyclamen Persicum Mill. var. Autumnale Grey-Wilson was Added to the Native Lebanese Flora

  • Khodr Addam Faculty of Business Administration, Research department, Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon, AUL
  • Mohammad S. Al-Zein Faculty of Science, American University of Beirut, AUB
  • Mounir Bou-Hamdan Clinker Production Unit at Lebanese Cement Factory, LCF
  • Hala Naous Faculty of Business Administration, Research department, Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon, AUL
Keywords: Primulaceae, Cyclamen persicum Mill. var. autumnale Grey-Wilson, taxonomy, biodiversity, flora, Lebanon, Mediterranean.


Cyclamen persicum var. autumnale Grey-Wilson was observed to thrive in abundance in the village of  Bchamoun, Lebanon. The plant was re-described and illustrated. Morphologically, this variety closely resembles Cyclamen persicum Mill. But it differs in some taxonomic and other details, such as smaller flowers and leaves, growth of flowers before leaves, and very early flowering (in Autumn) for a short period.


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