Sustainable Development: The Life Cycle Design

  • Marwan Haruna Abdulkarim Institute for Environmental Research & Development Plot 777, Bells University Drive, Ota, Ogun State Nigeria
  • Justin Akankali A bNigeria Dept. of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Porthacourt, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Porthacourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Sustainable development, Life Cycle Design, Design for Environment and Traditional Design Method.


This paper reviewed the concept of sustainable development and that of Life Cycle Design. The influence of the latter in achieving the former was explained. In particular, a diagram of their interconnection has been developed; thus, illustrating the very important interdependence and justification of one on the other to exist and function as concepts. Moreover, a quantitative Life Cycle Design equation was propounded as a means of analyzing in numerical terms the attributes of Life Cycle Design (LCD) that distinguishes it from the Traditional Design Method (TDM) for any product of interest.  Design for Environment (DfE) was also reviewed; highlighting it’s origin, justification, challenges and proffering solutions on means of improving the effectiveness and wide acceptance of the concept. A new basis for classifying life cycle design; Holistic, Non Holistic, Adhoc, Strategic and Classic was discussed along the line of this application.

Author Biography

Marwan Haruna Abdulkarim, Institute for Environmental Research & Development Plot 777, Bells University Drive, Ota, Ogun State Nigeria
Marwan H. Abdulkarim is a Board Member of the IERD Otta and was the Special Adviser on Environment to the Zamfara State Governor. Prior to this, he was an Adhoc Lecturer and a Researcher (PhD) on green and sustainable chemistry at the Centre for Research in Energy and Environment, The Robert Gordon University Aberdeen UK.


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