Influence of Father Absence on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Keiyo Sub-County, Kenya
The presence or absence of significant person in one's life influences feelings and subsequent behaviour of individuals. This study was designed to investigate the effects of father absence on academic performance among secondary school students. The study sought to achieve the following specific objectives: To investigate the difference between academic performance of father absent and father present students; To determine the difference between academic performance of father absent and father present boys; and to establish the difference between academic performance of father absent and father present girls. The study was based on Carl Rogers self-theory. Purposive sampling was used to select students from father absent families while random sampling was used to select the students from father present families. An average of three end term examinations served as an index of academic performance. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Inferential statistics was also used to compare the results specifically students t-test. The findings revealed that students from father absent family perform poorly in school as compared to their counterparts from intact homes. The mean of students from father absent family was 10.66 while that of students from father present family was 20.178. This meant that there was a significant difference in academic performance of father absent and father present students.
It was also established that boys from father absent family performed poorly in school as compared to their counterparts from father present homes. The study established that girls from father absent family performed poorly in school as compared to their counterparts from father present homes. The study recommends that fathers as well as mothers should have the right to some time off work to visit the school and that parents should spare enough time to make meaningful relationships with children that can enhance academic performance.
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