Impacts of Blue Carbon Trading in Gazi Bay Mombasa Kenya

Beatrice Obegi

Abstract


It is beyond doubt that blue carbon has been overexploited and is now threatening the lives of the coastal communities. Most studies have proved that mangroves in Gazi Bay have been depleted over decades.  The study is assessing the concepts of carbon trading to restore the forest back. Impacts of blue carbon trading were assessed in Gazi Bay by obtaining primary data through a social survey and relevant questions to suit the study were administered. Secondary data was obtained from both Mikoko pamoja Project, women board walking and fish data was obtained from Gazi BMU. Data on revenue, fish, income, tourists, boardwalk cash and employment were collected and using promethee MCDA software they were analyzed for each year from 2013 to 2016. 2015 was ranked the highest followed by 2016, then 2014 and 2013 respectively. The rightmost column on the figures in the findings shows ranking according to Ph-:  and the leftmost column shows the same trend according to ph+. 2013 has so many weaknesses and was the least conserved year. Carbon trading impact to the livelihoods was assessed using the promethee model Valuation, the results showed that the carbon trading has improved the lives of the community by providing freshwater to the households, improved in health care and created employment improved in transport system. The promethee model used to rank the last four years of conserving the blue carbon and the impacts of carbon trading ranked the years from the best to the worst.  2016 received the lowest income while 2015 was the best. The results justified the implementation of conservation and restoration programs especially Mp and has encouraged carbon trading.

It is beyond doubt that blue carbon has been overexploited and is now threatening the lives of the coastal communities. Most studies have proved that mangroves in Gazi Bay have been depleted over decades.  The study is assessing the concepts of carbon trading to restore the forest back. Impacts of blue carbon trading were assessed in Gazi Bay by obtaining primary data through a social survey and relevant questions to suit the study were administered. Secondary data was obtained from both Mikoko pamoja Project, women board walking and fish data was obtained from Gazi BMU. Data on revenue, fish, income, tourists, boardwalk cash and employment were collected and using promethee MCDA software they were analyzed for each year from 2013 to 2016. 2015 was ranked the highest followed by 2016, then 2014 and 2013 respectively. The rightmost column on the figures in the findings shows ranking according to Ph-:  and the leftmost column shows the same trend according to ph+. 2013 has so many weaknesses and was the least conserved year. Carbon trading impact to the livelihoods was assessed using the promethee model Valuation, the results showed that the carbon trading has improved the lives of the community by providing freshwater to the households, improved in health care and created employment improved in transport system. The promethee model used to rank the last four years of conserving the blue carbon and the impacts of carbon trading ranked the years from the best to the worst.  2016 received the lowest income while 2015 was the best. The results justified the implementation of conservation and restoration programs especially Mp and has encouraged carbon trading


Keywords


Mangroves; Impacts; Carbon Trading; Promethhee Model; Livelihoods.

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