An Empirical Study on Political Empowerment of Migrant Women of Sri Lanka in the Context of Globalization

Ravindra Chandrasiri Palliyaguruge, Upali Pannilage


This article has analyzed Friedrich Engels’s theory on the origin of the Family, Private Property and the State and it’s relevant to unexpressed conflicts within the sphere of family and political empowerment of migrant women in the public domain. According to Engels (1884), class conflicts can be seen between private property owned husband and proletariat wife within the sphere of family. This study has investigated levels of women’s involvement in decision making process of the family, after achieving income generating ability by migration in the context of globalization.  The methodology of the study is based on post-positivism approach and has adopted the qualitative research design. This study applied semi-structured interview method to collect primary data. The sample of the study is consisted of 60 households of women migrant workers, selected purposively from Karandeniya Divisional Secretariat, in Galle District, Sri Lanka. Data analysis has been done under three broader thematic areas namely (a) individual realm, (b) nuclear family realm, and (c) extended family realm. The study concluded with that the economic factor is not acquiring same value in every society. Specially, when Friedrich Engels’s theory on the origin of the family, private property and the state applies in to the Asian countries such as Sri Lanka, even in the context of globalization, number of other factors such as patriarchal form of governance, cultural hegemony, institutionalized sexual violence within the sphere of family, domestic violence as a barrier,  elderliness vs. youngest syndrome or the concept of being the ‘’youngest’ ’can be seen as crucial factors of women economic and political empowerment.


Classical Marxism; Fredric Engels; Globalization; Women Migration; Women Empowerment.

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