Effect of Switching Energy in Different Low Power Modes in Duty Cycling Sensor Network

bilge kartal cetin


Duty cycling is one of the most efficient power saving mechanisms to prolong sensor network lifetime. In the existing duty cycling networks, low latency and high network connectivity are achieved by shortening the duty cycling parameter that means increasing the frequency of switching between sleep-awake states. However, switching energy is generally not considered in energy efficiency analyses of sensor network. In this paper, the energy cost for switching and different sleeping modes are investigated for sensor network lifetime. To this end, we present a linear programming (LP) formulation which allow to analyze the energy consumption of the sensor network while guarantying the optimum load distribution for maximum lifetime. Proposed mathematical programming model can be applied any synchronized duty cycling mechanism with a fixed duty cycling periods. Analytical results reveal that the switching energy is not negligible effect on network lifetime.


Duty cycling; sensor network; network lifetime; switching energy.

Full Text:



W. Ye, J. Heidemann, and D. Estrin, “An energy-efficient MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. INFOCOM 2002, pp. 1567-1576,

Michael Buettner, Gary V. Yee, Eric Anderson, and Richarh Han. X-mac:A short preamble mac protocol for duty-cycled wireless sensor networks. In proceeding of SenSys, pages 307-320, 2006

Shu Du, A.K. Saha, and D.B. Johnson. Rmac: A routing-enhances duty-cycle mac protocol for wireless sensor networks. In INFOCOM 2007. 26th IEEE international Conference on Computer Communications.pages 1478-1486, may 2007.

A.G Ruzzelli, P. Cotan, G.M.P. O’Hare, R.Tynan, Protocol assessment issues in low duty cycle sensor networks: The switching energy, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous, and Trustworthy Computing (SUTC 2006).

Chipcon CC2420, Texas Instrument, Datasheet, SWRS041C, (rev date 2013-02-20)

R. Jurdak, A. G. Ruzzelli, G.M.P.O’Hare, Radio Sleep Mode Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks, IEEE Trans. On Mobile Computing, Vol.9, No.7, July 2010.

C. Fischione, P. Park, S. Coleri Ergen, "Analysis and optimization of duty-cycle in preamble-based random access networks", Wireless Networks, vol. 19, pp. 1691, 2013, ISSN 1022-0038.

Nursen Aydin, Mehmet Karaca, Ozgur Ercetin, "Scheduling and Power Control for Energy-Optimality of Low Duty Cycled Sensor Networks", International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, vol. 2015, pp. 1, 2015, ISSN 1550-1329.


  • There are currently no refbacks.




About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).