The Application of the Tripod Beta Approach in Assessing the Effectiveness of the Port Security Measures in Compliance to the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code
Presently the port facility measures their compliance ISPS Code requirement is via periodical internal and external audit where documentations sampling are cross reference to the measures and procedures stipulated in the Port Facility Security Plan (PFSP). Unlike the safety related processes where the availability of positive performance measurement system allows an organization to determine the effectiveness of the system implementation and identification of level of performance. The absent of such system in the security environment leave questions on the method of determination on it effectiveness level, and how the port facility would positively identified gap(s) in the implementation without having to expect for accidents or attacks on the facility to occur, to determine the level of effectiveness. This research studies the various quality and quantity assessment process for determining risk and accident investigation tools used by the industry. From the tools available, Tripod-Beta accident investigation approach is identified as the most appropriate approach to measures the effectiveness of security measures and procedures implemented by the port facility. From there the audit measurement methodology was developed and tested on port facilities that complied to the ISPS Code requirement.
Bellamy L. J. et al. Storybuilder – A Tool for the Analysis of Accident Report. Reliability Engineering and System Safety. 92 (2007). Elsevier pp735-744. 2006..
Bridges W & Clark T.. Key Issues with Implementing LOPA (Layer of Protection Analysis) – Perspective from One of the Originators of LOPA. 5th Global Congress on Process Safety, American Institute of Chemical Engineerings, . New York 6-7 June 2009. pp 5.
Cambon J., Guarinori F. & Groenweg J. Towards A New Tool for Measuring Safety Management Systems Performance. Netherland: Centre for Safety Research, University of Leidan. 2008. pp 2-4
Clifton A.. Accident Investigation Using EEFTA. Proceedings of the 18th International System Safety Conference 2000 Washington. 23 February 2000. pp 1-9.
Eliana F. Risk Assessment and Risk Management under the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. ASPAC J.Mol.Bio.Biotechno. Vol. 17 (3). 2008. pp 97-98.
FATF Secretariat. Money Laundering & Terrorist Financing Risk Assessment Strategies. Paris: FATF Secretariat, OECD. 2008, pp 5-6.
Hurst S. & Lewis S.. Lessons Learned from Real World Application of Bow-Tie Method. United Kingdom: Risktec Solutions Limited. 2005, pp 1.
International Labour Organization. Code of Practice on Security in Ports. IMO-ILO Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Security, Safety and Health in Ports. Geneva. 2003. pp 28 to 36.
International Maritime Organization. International Ship & Port Facility Security Code and SOLAS Amendments 2002. London: IMO. 2002, pp 6-29.
International Maritime Organization. Appendix 2, Interim Guidance on Voluntary Self- Assessment by SOLAS Contracting Governments and By Port Facilities. Maritime Safety Committee’s Circular 1131. 14 December. London. 2004. pp 5 to 14.
International Maritime Organization. Maritime Safety Committee Circular 1131. London: IMO Publication. 2004. pp 5-14.
International Maritime Organization., SOLAS (Consolidated Edition 2004). London: The Bath Press. 2004.
International Labour Organization. Code of Practice on Security in Ports. IMO-ILO Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Security, Safety and Health in Ports. 8 – 17 December. Geneva. 2003, pp28 to 36.
International Maritime Organization.. Interim Guidance on Voluntary Self-Assessment by SOLAS Contracting Governments and by Port Facility – MSC/Circ. 1131. London: IMO Publication. 2004, pp 2.
Jones S. Maritime Security: A Practical Guide. London: The Nautical Institute, 2006, pp 15.
Kuo, C.. Managing Ship Safety. London: LLP Ltd. 1998, pp 6-12.
Kuo C. Safety management and its Application. London: The Nautical Institute. 2007, pp 7.
Reason J. et al.. TRIPOD, A principled basis for accident prevention. Manchester: University of Manchester. 1988, pp 23.
Sklet S.. Methods for accident investigation. Norway: Norwegian University of Technology Publication. 2002, pp 72.
Stranks J. A Manager’s guide to Health & Safety at Work. London: Kogen Page Limited. 2001, pp 11.
Turksema R. & Postma K. Tripod Beta and Performance Audit. , International Seminar on Performance Auditing. 23 - 25 May. Oslo. 2007, pp 1 – 12.
- There are currently no refbacks.