Pros and Cons of Curcumin as Bioactive Phyto-Compound for Effective Management of Insect Pests

  • Gobinda Chandra Roy
  • Kaushik Chakraborty
  • Parthasarathi Nandy
  • M. N. Moitra
Keywords: Curcuma longa, Curcumin, Toxic chemical insecticides, Insect pests.

Abstract

Phyto-compounds as insecticides have expanded impetus in recent insect pest management programme owing to health hazards and perpetual toxicity of conservatively applied deleterious insecticides of diverse commercial brands. Turmeric plant produces fleshy rhizomes of bright yellow to orange color in its root system, which are the source of commercially available spice turmeric. Curcumin, a Phytochemical gives yellow colour to turmeric and is used for time immemorial for most of the remedial practices. Curcumin is also used as a spice in foods, as a dye for fleeces and as an ingredient in dietetic supplements.  As root powder, turmeric is used for its flavoring properties as a spice, food preservative and food-coloring agent. Turmeric has a long history of soothing uses as it is accredited with a diversity of imperative valuable properties such as its antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and digestive properties respectively. The fresh juice, the aqueous extracts and the essential oil of the plant are endorsed with fascinating pesticidal properties against certain pests of agricultural importance as well as a perceptible repugnant activity against noxious mosquito species.  Results have exposed a pleasurable impending potentiality of turmeric as a natural pesticide for achievable use in current crop protection and thus an exceedingly promising future towards this route, that is, the possibility of effective control of certain pests of agricultural importance with the use of turmeric products as an economical and more effective eco-friendly alternative to chemical pesticides which is by now put into practice.

References

[1] Boadu, K. O., Tulashie, S. K., Anang, M. A., Kpan, J. D. 2011. Production of natural insecticide from Neem leaves (Azadirachta indica). Asian J. Plant. Sci. Res. 1 (4):33-38.
[2] Windholz, M. (1987). The Merck Index. 10th edition. Rahway,Merck and Co: NJ.
[3] Dubey, N. K., Shukla, R., Kumar, A., Singh, P., Prakash, B. 2010. Prospects of botanical pesticides in sustainable agriculture. Curr. Sci. India. 98:479-480.
[4] Dudai, N., Poljakoff, M. A., Mayer, A. M. 1999. Essential oils as allelochemicals and their potential use as bioherbicides. J. Chem. Ecol. 25:1079-1089.
[5] Isman, M. B. 2000. Plant essential oils for pest and disease management. Crop. Prot. 19:603-608.
[6] Ravindran, P. N. (2007). Turmeric: The golden spice of life. In: Ravindran PN, Nirmal Babu K, Sivaraman K (Eds) Turmeric: The Genus Curcuma. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA; pp. 1-14.
[7] Chan, E. W. C., Lim, Y. Y., Wong, S. K. 2009. Effects of different drying methods on the antioxidant properties of leaves and tea of ginger species. Food Chemistry. 113 (1): 166–172.
[8] Sharma, R. A., Gescher, A. J., Steward, W. P. 2005. Curcumin: The story so far. European Journal of Cancer. 41:1955–1968.
[9] Deodhar, S. D., Sethi, R., Srimal, R. C. 1980. Preliminary study on antirheumatic activity of curcumin (diferuloyl methane). Indian J Med Res. 71:632–634.
[10] Piper, J. T. 1998. Mechanisms of Anticarcinogenic properties of curcumin. The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology. 30: 445-456.
[11] Kuo, M. L., Huang, T. S., Lin, J. K. 1996. Curcumin, an antioxidant and anti-tumor promoter, induces apoptosis in human leukemia cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1317, 95–100.
[12] Bagchi, A. 2012. Extraction of Curcumin. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 1(3): 1-16.
[13] Bhardwaj, R. S., Bhardwaj, K. S., Ranjeet, D. 2011. Curcuma Longa leaves exhibits a potential antioxidant, antibacterial and immunomodulating properties. International J Phytomed. 3:270-278.
[14] Kim, M. K., Choi, G. J., Lee, H. S. 2003. Fungicidal property of Curcuma longa L. rhizome-derived curcumin against phytopathogenic fungi in a greenhouse. J. Agr. Food Chem. 51:1578-1581.
[15] Kiuchi, F., Goto, Y., Sugimoto, N. 1993. Chem Pharm Bull. 41: 1640–1643.
[16] Kumar, G. S., Nayaka, H., Dharmesh, S. M., et al. 2006. Free and bound phenolic antioxidants in amla (Emblica officinalis) and turmeric (Curcuma longa). Journal of food composition and analysis. 19(5): 446-452.
[17] Sangvanich, P., Kaeothip, S., Srisomsap, C., et al. 2007. Hemagglutinating activity of Curcuma plants. Fitoterapia. 78: 29-31.
[18] Aggarwal, B. B., Sundaram, C., Malani, N., et al. 2007. Curcumin: the Indian solid gold. Adv Exp Med Biol. 595:1–75.
[19] FAO. (1995). Natural colourants and dyestuffs. Non-Wood Forest Products 4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
[20] Sasikumar, B. 2005. Genetic resources of Curcuma: diversity, characterization and utilization. Plant. Gen. Res. 3:230-251.
[21] Leung, A.Y., Foster, S. (1996). Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA.
[22] Kapoor, L. D. (2000). Handbook of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
[23] Yen, K. Y. (1992). The Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica: Crude and Prepared. SMC Publishing, Taipei, Taiwan
[24] Iwu, M. M. (1993). Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
[25] Murugananthi, D., Selvam, S., Raveendaran, N., et al. 2008. A study on the direction of trade in the Indian turmeric exports: Markov chain approach. IUP J. Agr. Econ. 4: 20-25.
[26] Sivaraman, K. (2007). Agronomy of Turmeric. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants- Industrial Profiles: Turmeric: The Genus Curcuma. CRC Press: Washington. pp. 129-154.
[27] Jagetia, G. C., Aggarwal, B. B. 2007. ‘‘Spicing up’’ of the immune system by curcumin. J Clin Immunol. 27:19–35.
[28] Aggarwal, B. B., Sundarma, C., Malini, N., et al. 2007. Curcumin: the Indian solid gold. Advanced Experiments in Medical Biology. 59(5): 1-75.
[29] Shishodia, S., Sethi, G., Aggarwal, B. B. 2005. Curcumin: getting back to the roots. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1056:206–17.
[30] Goel, A., Kunnumakkara, A. B., Aggarwal, B. B. 2008. Curcumin as ‘‘Curecumin’’: from kitchen to clinic. Biochem Pharmacol. 75:787–809.
[31] Anand, P., Kunnumakkara, A. B., Newman, R. A, et al. 2007. Bioavailability of curcumin: problems and promises. Mol Pharm. 4:807–18.
[32] Helen, C. F. S., Horvat, R., Jilani, G. 1982. Isolation, purification and characterization of insect repellents from Curcuma longa L. Agri Food Chem. 30: 290- 292.
[33] Gopalan, B., Gota, M., Kodama, A., et al. 2000. Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of turmeric (Curcuma longa). Agri. Food. Chem. 48: 2189-2192.
[34] Duke, J. A. (1999). Dr. Duke’s Essential Herbs. Emmaus, Pennsylvania: Rodale Press.
[35] Guenthur, E. (1949). The Essential oils. vol 2, Van Nostrand, Princeton, NJ. Pp. 112.
[36] Patro, B., Pati, R. N. 1997. Insecticidal activity of some plant extracts against the pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (Linn.) infesting green seeds. Sci. Cult. 63: 91-592.
[37] Tripathi, A. K., Prajapati, V., Verma, N., et al. 2002. Bioactivities of the Leaf Essential Oil of Curcuma longa (Var. Ch-66) On Three Species of Stored Product Beetles (Coleoptera). J. Econ. Entomol. 95(1): 183-189.
[38] Jilani, G., Saxena, R. C. 1990. Repellent and feeding deterrent effects of turmeric oil, sweetflag oil, neem oil and a neem-based insecticide against lesser grain borer (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 83:629-634.
[39] Su, H. C. F., Horvat, R., Jilani, G. 1982. Isolation, purification, and characterization of insect repellents from Curcuma longa L. J. Agr. Food. Chem. 30:290-292.
[40] Jilani, G., Saxena, R. C., Rueda, B. P. 1988. Repellent and growth- inhibiting effects of Turmeric oil, sweetflag oil, and ‘Margosan-O’ on red flour beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 81:1226-1230.
[41] Islam, N., Bhuiyah, M. I. M., Begum, A. et al. 1989. Comparative efficacy of different material against Sitophilus oryzae L. infesting maize seeds in storage. Bangladesh J. Zool. 17: 175-178.
[42] Asawalam, E. F., Arukwe, U. E. 2004. Effect of combination of some plant powders for the control of Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch). Nig Agricult J. 35: 76-85.
[43] Chander, H., Kulkarni, S. G., Berry, S. K. 1991. Effectiveness of turmeric powder and mustard oil as protectants in stored milled rice against the rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae. Int Pest Control. 33:94-97.
[44] Chander, H., Nagender, A., Ahuja, D. K., et al. 2003. Effect of various plant materials on the breeding of lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica) in milled rice in laboratory. J. Food Sci. Technol. Mys. 40:482-485.
[45] Abida, Y., Tabassum, F., Zaman, S., et al. 2010. Biological screening of Curcuma longa L. for insecticidal and repellent potentials against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) adults. Univ. J. Zool. Rajshahi. Univ. 28:69-71.
[46] Saju, K. A., Venugopal, M. N., Mathew, M. J. 1998. Antifungal and insect-repellent activities of essential oil of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Curr. Sci. India. 75:660-662.
[47] Jilani, G., Su, H. C. F. 1983. Laboratory studies on several plant materials as insect repellants for protection of cereal grains. J. Econ. Entomol. 76:154-157.
[48] Chander, H., Nagender, A., Ahuja, D. K., et al. 1994. Laboratory evaluation of plant extracts as repellents to the rust red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) on jute fabric. Int. Pest. Control. 41:18-20.
[49] Chander, H., Kulkarni, S. G., Berry, S. K. 1992. Studies on turmeric and mustard oil as protectants against infestation of red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) in stored rice. J. Insect Sci. 5:220-222.
[50] Chander, H., Ahuja, D. K., Nagender, A., et al. 2000. Repellency of different plant extracts and commercial formulations used as prophylactic sprays to protect bagged grain against Tribolium castaneum - A field study. J. Food Sci. Technol. Mys. 37:582-585.
[51] Tawatsin, A., Thavara, U., Chansang, U., et al., 2006. Field evaluation of deet, Repel Care (R), and three plant-based essential oil repellents against mosquitoes, black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae), and land leeches (Arhynchobdellida: Haemadipsidae) in Thailand. J. Am. Mosquito. Control. Assoc. 22:306-313.
[52] Pati, R. N., Patro, B., Senapati, B. 1996. Evaluation of some plant extracts as repellents against the pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (Linn.) infesting green gram seeds. Sci. Cult. 6: 63.
[53] Tang, W., Eisenbrand, G. (1992). Chinese drugs of plant origin. Springer, New York. Pp. 1056.
[54] Roh, J. Y. (2000). Insecticidal and fungicidal activities of ar-tumerone derived from Curcuma longa rhizome. M.S. thesis, Seoul National University, Suwon, Republic of Korea, pp. 77.
[55] Lee, H. S., Shin, W. K., Song, C., Cho, K. Y., et al. 2001. Insecticidal Activities of ar-Turmerone Identified in Curcuma longa Rhizome against Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera: Delphacidae) and Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae). J. Asia-Pacific Entomol. 4 (2): 181-185.
[56] Chowdhury, H., Walia, S., Saxena, V. S. 2000. Isolation, characterization and insect growth inhibitory activity of major turmeric constituents and their derivatives against Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk) and Dysdercus koenigii (Walk). Pest Manag Sci. 56:1086-1092.
[57] Rathore, B. S. 2009. Efficacy of plant products and agrochemicals in the management of leaf spot and blight and aphid of blond psyllium. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 39(2): 223-226.
[58] Zhou, H. N., Zhao, N. N., Shu, Shan. D., et al. 2012. Insecticidal activity of the essential oil of Lonicera japonica flower buds and its main constituent compounds against two grain storage insects. J. Med. Plant. Res. 6(5): 912-917.
[59] Matter, M. M., Salem, S. A., Abou-Ela, R. G., et al. 2008. Toxicity and repelency of Trigonella foenum-graecum and Curcuma longa L. extracts to Sitophilus oryzae (L.) and Rhizopertha dominica (Fab.) (Coleoptera). Egypt J. Biol. Pest. Control. 18:149-154.
Published
2015-04-12