Designing Single-Use Plastic Products: Far from the Earthly Paradise

Johannis Tsoumas

Abstract


Single-use plastic products design has been one of the cleverest and efficient plastic design achievements of the last decades of the twentieth century. New, simple, inexpensive and innovative solutions based on the flexibility of the technologically advanced plastics found wider applications in the everyday lives of millions of people around the world. Nevertheless, the bliss of these economic, handy products-miracles of the ever-growing global technology soon became a nightmare as all the plastic that has ever been produced has never been totally biodegraded and is still in some form on the planet. Although we use them for a few minutes, they can stay in the environment for hundreds of years. Our dependence on single-use plastics has now become unmanageable, and plastic pollution is everywhere: from our body through the food chain to the more remote beaches and uninhabited islands. This article aims to examine not only the advantages of single-use plastic product design, but also to point out their serious defaults, such as environmental pollution and discuss the possible measures to be taken by several public and state bodies, especially EU, who intend to protect people, economy and the planet itself.


Keywords


single-use plastics; environmental pollution; sea pollution; plastic bags; plastic packaging.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Tsoumas, Johannis, Η εμφάνιση της κουλτούρας των πλαστικών προϊόντων στην Ελλάδα (1950-1970) (The emergence of plastic products culture in Greece (1950-1970), Athens: ION Publishing Group, 2007, p. 10.

Sparke, Penny, The plastics age-From Modernity to Post-Modernity, London: Victoria & Albert Museum Publications, 1990, pp. 7, 8.

Cravino, Ana and Pokropek , Jorge, ‘Racionalidad limitada: las dificultades de la toma de decisiones en el Diseño para la sustentabilidad’, in RChD: Creación y Pensamiento, Vol. 3, No 5, 2018, p. 3.

Sinha, Jay and Plamondon, Chantal, Life without Plastic: The Practical Step-by-Step Guide to Avoiding Plastic to Keep Your Family and the Planet Healthy, Page Street Publishing e-book, 2017, p. 5.

Gourmelon, Gaelle, ‘Global Plastic Production Rises, Recycling Lags’. Internet: www.vitalsigns.worldwatch.org, Jan. 28, 2015 [Oct. 10, 2018].

Barnetson, Andrew, Plastic Materials for Packaging: Developments in Markets, Materials and Processes, Shropshire: Rapra Technology Limited, 1996, p. 1.

Kadoya, Takashi, Food Packaging, San Diego: Academic Press Ltd, 1990, p. xiii.

British Plastic Federation, ‘Plastic Packaging and the Environment’. Internet: http://www.bpf.co.uk/packaging/environment.aspx, Jan. 15, 2011 [ Nov. 11, 2018].

Paine, Frank, A., The Packaging User’s Handbook, Ontario: Blackie Academic and Professional, 1991, p. 3.

Freinkel, Susan, Plastic: A Toxic Love Story, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcour, 2011, p. 144.

Mieszkowski, Katharine, ‘Plastic bags are killing us’. Internet: https://www.salon.com/2007/08/10/plastic_bags/, Aug. 10, 2007 [Oct. 17, 2018].

Wagner, Travis, P. ‘Reducing single-use plastic shopping bags in the USA’, Journal of Waste Management, 2017, 70: p. 120.

Knight, Geof, Hot Topics: Plastic Pollution, London: Capstone Global Library Ltd, 2012, p. 6.

Plastics Europe. Association of Plastics Manufacturers, ‘Plastics-the Facts 2015. An Analysis of European Plastics Production, demand and waste data’, November 2015, p. 5.

Velis, C. A., ‘Global recycling markets: plastic waste. A story of one player – China’.Internet: https://www.iswa. org/fileadmin/galleries/Task_Forces/TFGWM_Report_GRM Plastic_China_LR.pdf, Sep. 5, 2014 [Nov. 02, 2018].

Earth Policy Institute, ‘Plastic Bags Fact Sheet’. Internet: http://www.earth-policy.org/press_room/C68/plastic_bags_fact_sheet, Oct. 16, 2014 [Oct. 10, 2018].

Thomas, Nina, ‘#Designed4Trash award: Styrofoam Containers’. Internet: https://zerowasteeurope.eu/2017/07/designed4trash-award-styrofoam-containers/, Jul. 25, 2017 [Oct. 30, 2018].

Lin, Z. and Wang, L., ‘A study on environmental bisphenol a pollution in plastics industry areas’, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, no. 228, 2017, p. 98.

Solheim, Erik, ‘SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: A Roadmap for Sustainability’, UNEP, 2018, p. vi.

Dara, Vivi, ‘Ρύπανση υδάτων από πλαστικά: μάστιγα και του γλυκού νερού’ (‘Water pollution from plastics: the fresh water scourge’), Kathimerini, 01/05/2018, p. 5.

Lialios, George, ‘Μάχη για τα πλαστικά μιας χρήσης’ (‘Battle for single-use plastics’), Kathimerini, 17/12/2018, p. 23. M.Duncan.“EngineeringConceptsonIce.Internet:www.iceengg.edu/staff.html,Oct.25, 2000 [Nov. 29, 2003].


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).