Investigation of Gastrointestinal Parasites in Dairy Cattle of Tehsil Babozai, District Swat
A study was conducted from January, 2018 to August, 2018 in different wards of Tehsil Babozai, district Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to investigate and find out the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in dairy cattle. For this purpose, a total number of 116 fecal samples from cattle were randomly collected from different wards of district Swat and a well-structured questionnaire having the information about the cattle age, sex, parity, management, body conditions, fecal consistency, and disease were filled. Result showed overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites (37%), species observed in this study were Protozoan (6.89 %) as Eimeria bovis, Nematodes (60.34%), as Ostertagia ostertagi (30%), followed by Trichostrongylus spp. (19%), Haemonchus contortus (5%), Strongyloides papillosus (3.44%), Cooperia spp. (1.7%), Toxocara canis (0.8%). Trematodes (5.17%) as Paramphistomum spp. and Fasciola hepatica, however, only one species of Cestodes (0.8%) such as Moniezia expansa was observed. Statistical analysis revealed that there is no significant variation in prevalence of cattle in relation to age, sex, parity, management, fecal consistency, body condition, disease, however high prevalence showed in young cattle < than 3 years having poor body condition due to animia and diseases. These all factors and conditions are greatly associated with parasitic infection in cattle of Swat. Our study concludes that gastrointestinal parasites such as Liver fluke and roundworms cause the biggest problems for Swatian producers and need to be eradicated.
. J. Armour. The influence of host immunity on the epidemiology of Trichostrongyle infections in cattle. Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 32(1), pp. 5-19, 1989.
. J. Armour, Bairden, K., Duncan, J.L., Jennings, F.W., Parkins, J.J. Observations on ostertagiasis in young cattle, pp. 44-50, 1979.
. D. R. Arora, & Arora, B. Medical Parasitology. CBS Publishers, pp.15-67, 2005.
. T. Awraris, Bogale, B., & Chanie, M. Occurrence of gastro intestinal nematodes of cattle in and around Gondar town, Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. Acta Parasitological Globalis, vol. 3(2), pp. 28-33, 2012.
. S. C. Bennema, Ducheyne, E., Vercruysse, J., Claerebout, E., Hendrickx, G., & Charlier, J Relative importance of management, meteorological and environmental factors in the spatial distribution of Fasciola hepatica in dairy cattle in a temperate climate zone. International Journal for Parasitology, 2011.
. M. Q Bilal., Hameed, A., & Ahmad, T.. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in buffalo and cow calves in rural areas of Toba Tek Singh, Pakistan. J. Anim. Plant Sci, vol. 19(2), pp. 67-70, 2009.
. D. D. Bowman. Georgis' Parasitology for Veterinarians-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014.
. M. Cappello. Global health impact of soil-transmitted nematodes. The Pediatric infectious disease journal, vol. 23(7), pp. 663-664, 2004.
. R. L. Coop & Kyriazakis, I. Influence of host nutrition on the development and consequences of nematode parasitism in ruminants. TRENDS in Parasitology, vol. 17(7), pp. 325- 330, 2001.
. F. R. Gwaze, Chimonyo, M., & Dzama, K. Prevalence and loads of gastrointestinal parasites of goats in the communal areas of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Small Ruminant Research, vol. 84(1-3), pp. 132-134, 2009.
. D. Jacobs, Fox, M., Gibbons, L., & Hermosilla, C. Principles of Veterinary Parasitology. John Wiley & Sons, 2015.
. J. D. Keyyu, Kyvsgaard, N. C., Kassuku, A. A., & Willingham, A. L. Worm control practices and anthelmintic usage in traditional and dairy cattle farms in the southern highlands of Tanzania. Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 114(1), pp. 51-61, 2003.
. M. N. Khan, Sajid, M. S., Khan, M. K., Iqbal, Z., & Hussain, A. Gastrointestinal helminthiasis: prevalence and associated determinants in domestic ruminants of district Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan. Parasitology research, vol. 107(4), pp. 787-794, 2010.
. K. Louie, Vlassoff, A., & Mackay, A. D. Gastrointestinal nematode parasites of sheep: a dynamic model for their effect on live weight gain. International journal for Parasitology, vol. 37(2), pp. 233-24, 2007.
. A. F. Loyacano, Williams, J. C., Gurie, J., & DeRosa, A. A. Effect of Gastrointestinal nematode and liver fluke infections on weight gain and reproductive performance of beef heifers. Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 107(3), PP. 227-234, 2002.
. R. A. Pal, & Qayyum, M. A. Z. H. A. R. Distribution of gastrointestinal amphistomes and Cestodes in small ruminants grazed on irrigated and non-irrigated pasture zones. In Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology (Vol. 13, pp. 307- 313, 1993.
. A. F. Perri, Mejia, M. E., Licoff, N., Lazaro, L., Miglierina, M., Ornstein, A &Lacau-Mengido, I.M. Gastrointestinal parasites presence during the Peripartum decreases total milk production in grazing dairy Holstein cows. Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 178(3-4), pp. 311-318, 2011.
. T. A. Rafiullah, Sajid, A., Shah, S. R., Ahmad, S., &Shahid M. Prevalence of gastrointestinal tract parasites in cattle of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. J. Agri. Biol. Sci, vol.9, pp. 6, 2011.
. M. Ramzan, Ahmad, N., Ashraf, K., Saeed, K., Durrani, A. Z., Jan, S., & Khan, M. A. Epidemiology and therapeutic studies on nematodes infection in cattle at district Qilla Abdullah, Baluchistan. JAPS: Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, vol. 27(3), 2017.
. Rehman, Tauseef Ur, et al. "Epidemiology of Eimeria and associated risk factors in cattle of district Toba Tek Singh, Pakistan." Parasitology research vol. 108.5, pp. 1171-1177, 2011.
. S. S. Roy, Sarkar, S., Batabyal, S., Pramanik, A. K., & Das, P. Observations on the epidemiology of bovine cryptosporidiosis in India. Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 141(3-4), pp. 330- 333, 2006.
. N. Sahoo, Mohanty TN, Samal S. Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthic infection among grazing and stall-fed cattle in a rainfed district of Orissa. J Vet Parasitology, pp. 16-61, 2002.
. S. A. Sardar, Ehsan, M. A., Anower, A. K. M. M., Rahman, M. M., & Islam, M. A. Incidence of liver flukes and gastro-intestinal parasites in cattle, Bangal J Vet Med, vol. 4(1), pp. 39- 42m, 2006.
. G.W. Snedecor and Cochran, W.G. Statistical Methods. 8th ed. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, 1994.
. A.M. Zajac and Conboy, G.AVeterinary clinical Parasitology. Eighthedition. American Association of Veterinary Parasitologist. Blackwell publishing, Oxford, U.K, 2012.
- There are currently no refbacks.