Prototypical Study Detecting the Outcome of Patients with CKD Stage 5 (ESRD) Treated Conservatively (PSCKD5C), at Sheffield Kidney Institute (SKI) over a Period of 5 Years

Dr. Mohamed Al-helfawi, Dr. Amal Whida


Very few studies have investigated and made decisions regarding RRT in elderly patients, and their conclusionsare rather discordant [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10]. Treatment option for ESRD (End Stage Renal Disease) is to decide not to have dialysis or transplantation and to manage such a condition medically with blood pressure control, dietary restrictions, and adjustment of medical regimen. This is known as conservative management. The increase in the ESRD (end stage renal disease), primarily due to the increasing of Diabetes and age of the population. It is a serious medical and economic public health problem throughout the world, and it has become a health concern both medically and  economically [11].


CKD5; (Chronic kidney disease stage 5). CKD5; (Chronic kidney disease stage 5 treated conservatively). COPD; (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). CI ; (Confidential interval). CVD; (Cerebrovascular disease). DM ; (Diabetes Mellitus). eGFR; (Estimated

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