Serverless Computing and Scheduling Tasks on Cloud: A Review
Recently, the emergence of Function-as-a-Service (FaaS) has gained increasing attention by researchers. FaaS, also known as serverless computing, is a new concept in cloud computing that allows the services computation that triggers the code execution as a response for certain events. In this paper, we discuss various proposals related to scheduling tasks in clouds. These proposals are categorized according to their objective functions, namely minimizing execution time, minimizing execution cost, or multi objectives (time and cost). The dependency relationships between the tasks plays a vital role in determining the efficiency of the scheduling approach. This dependency may result in resources underutilization. FaaS is expected to have a significant impact on the process of scheduling tasks. This problem can be reduced by adopting a hybrid approach that combines both the benefit of FaaS and Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS). Using FaaS, we can run the small tasks remotely and focus only on scheduling the large tasks. This helps in increasing the utilization of the resources because the small tasks will not be considered during the process of scheduling. An extension of the restricted time limit by cloud vendors will allow running the complete workflow using the serverless architecture, avoiding the scheduling problem.
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