Uterine Leiomyoma in Kinshasa, the Capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Ingala P, Lepira F, Muhindo S, Mputu L


The aim of the present study was to determine the particularities of Uterine Leiomyomas among Congolese in Kinshasa the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in the present conditions of medical practices. A sample of 644 patients with uterine leiomyoma were selected from 6440 cases of uterine leiomyoma among 30395 patients treated in gynecology units of three medical institutions of Kinshasa (University hospital of Kinshasa, Saint joseph hospital and Edith medical center) from January Ist ,2003 to December 31,2012. The study is a descriptive one. The following variables were taken account: medical history [age, age at menarche, parity, education, civil state, history of UL, symptoms and body mass index (BMI)]; lifestyle (smoking, alcohol intake); ultrasounds characteristics; hysteroslpingographies characteristics, treatment, and direct cost of treatment. Statistical analysis were performed using Excel 12.0 software. Demographic, clinical, ultrasound, hysterosalpingography and treatment data were evaluated using descriptive statistics: mean, standard deviation (SD), and percentage (%) as appropriate. The frequency of uterine leiomyoma was 21, 18%. That one concern mainly patients at 35 years old or more [49, 6% (35-44years), ≥45years (20, 6%)], singles (70, 4%), null parous (59,4%), having a high level of study (university: 54, 6%), history of UL (56, 7%), and alcohol intake (75, 5%). Hemorrhage (33, 2%) and pelvic pain (31, 6%) are the most frequent expression of those tumors. The most of those patients have excess weight (43, 1%) or obesity (46, 5%). The majority of uterine leiomyoma was corporeal (82, 9%) intramuscular (42, 4%) and their number didn’t overtake five by patient (70, 8%) in majority of cases. Majoration of the uterine cavity (46, 5%) and Fallopian tubes obstructions (30, 6%) are the most frequent abnormalities in hysterosalpingography. Myomectomy is the main treatment (65, 2%). The mean of direct cost were 803$ USA and 884$ USA for myomectomy and hysterectomy respectively.


Uterine Leiomyoma -Particularities- Democratic Republic of Congo.

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