Occurrence of Gastrointestinal Parasitism of Cows and Therapeutic Efficacy of Albendazole in Tehsil Tandlianwala, Faisalabad

Masood Sadiq, Arsalan Khan, Khurram Ashfaq, Imaad Rashid, Mudassir Ameen, Ghulam Jelani

Abstract


Parasitism is a relationship between the organisms in which one lives as a parasite on another and is the main health problem of cattle and all other domesticated ruminants all over the world. The major problems in cattle confronted are; Fascioliasis, Paramphistomiasis etc because of presence of various helminthes parasites in the GIT (gastrointestinal tract) of the cattle resulting in huge economic losses to livestock industry. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitism of cattle and therapeutic efficacy of albendazole with the dose rate of 5mg/kg body weight in tehsil Tandlianwala, Faisalabad, in the months of January to April, 2017. For this purpose, a total of 384 cattle were selected and fecal samples were directly collected per rectum with sterilized gloves for every animal in plastic containers. The collected fecal samples were managed and inspected using qualitative practices (floatation and sedimentation) and measurable parasitological practices using McMaster egg counting approaches. Those fecal samples positive for Strongyles, Trichuris, Toxocara, and Monezia were subjected to egg yield (eggs per gram, EPG) of feces count using McMaster egg counting practice and the degree of infestation was branded. It was deduced from the results that out of 384 animals; 146 animals were infested with mentioned worms showing 38.02% prevalence of the gastrointestinal parasites in cattle in the months of January, February, March and April in Tehsil Tandlianwala, Faisalabad. Furthermore, the infested animals were treated using albendazole and  103 animals were recovered with it revealing 70.54% therapeutic efficacy of the drug.


Keywords


Albendazole; Anthelmentic; Ascariasis; Fasciolosis.

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