Study of the Historical Urban Evolution of Bejaia City (a Mediterranean City in North Algeria)

Taous Messaoudi, Said Mazouz, Bernard Fritsch

Abstract


Most studies made about civilizational poles don’t always determine their evolution mechanisms. Our investigation aims to identify the characteristics of the Bejaia city’s historical tissue evolution, from the Phoenician period to nowadays. A Mediterranean city located in north of Algeria, who knew several civilizations. Our question is what are the elements who participated in the development of the urban fabric of Bejaia?

To identify the elements that led to the latter’s mutation; we’ll study the mutation process of Bejaia, by threating the historical data of the city’s stratification. Then, we’ll describe the city’s urban elements; especially morphological elements of social communication and spatial articulation. Finally, we will threat the land morphological divisions. That allows us to understand the city as a whole, in a dynamic perspective, revealing the fixed points, the structure’s details and the logic of urban management to identify the strong ones that have modeled urban fabric.


Keywords


Bejaia; urban fabric; historical development; urban transformation; the street; the square; the islet.

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References


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