Valuation of Vinasse as Organic Fertilizer on the Corn Field

F. Obono, A. N. Nsangou, D. Ngahac, Tchawou Tchawou, C. Kapseu

Abstract


“Vinasse” is an aqueous effluent of sugar refinery.  It is largely made up of water, organic matter, and mineral salts. It represents a considerable source of potassium (average 9.37 g/L) for plants and its organic matter content and also improves the fertility of the soil. A study showed that in spite of its strong acidity (pH of 4.5 on average), the growth of sugar cane was not affected by 15 000 L / ha liquor spread in the furrows just before planting. “Vinasse” was also used as fertilizer in some societies for maize. Higher outputs were observed due to improvement of the physiochemical properties of soil on pieces of land which received “vinasse” compost of 28% of organic matter. There was an observed fall pH value of the soil after the addition of “vinasse”, followed by a temporal increase caused by the microbial oxidation of the organic matter. “Vinasse” increases the concentration of basic ions of the soil. This results in the reduction of the exchangeable aluminum which is caused by rise of the pH value of the soil. The mineralization of nitrogen in the soil due to the application of “vinasse” stimulates the microbial activity and this is the reason why there is fall availability of nitrogen). Field  follow-up soil physicochemical properties   like the pH and electric conductivity does not show noticeable differences, (except  small % K of cation exchange capacity) between the piece of land where “vinasse” had been added, and land fertilized with only artificial fertilizer.


Keywords


“Vinasse”; nutritive elements; output; sugar cane; maize; organic matter.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Renato de Mello Prado, Gustavo Caione, and Cid Naudi Silva Campos, 2013. Filter Cake and Vinasse as Fertilizers Contributing to Conservation Agriculture. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Applied and Environmental Soil Science Volume 2013, Article ID 581984,8 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/581984

Aneeza Soobadar, 2009. Impacts agronomiques et environnementaux de l’epandage de vinasse et de cendre de charbon/bagasse sur les terres agricoles de l’ile maurice. These de doctorat en sciences de l’université d’Avignon et des pays de Vaucluse. Juillet 2009.

Fahrasmane L. (1991). Amélioration du rendement de la fermentation alcoolique de milieu à base de canne à sucre. Rencontres internationales en langue française sur la canne à sucre. Actes de la premiere rencontre, Montpellier France, 10-15 Juin 1991, 310-311.

Cortez L A B, Perez L E B. (1997). Experiences on vinasse disposal. Part III: Combustion of vinasse - Fuel Oil Emulsions, Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 14(1).

Moreira J R. (2006). Water use and impacts of ethanol production in Brazil. National Reference Center on Biomass, Institute of Electro technology and Energy- CENBIO/IEE, University of São Paulo, Brazil, 24pp.

] Patil J D, Savant N K, Deshmane A N. (1982). Humification of spent wash and distillery waste in soil. Journal of Maharshira Agricultural University, 7: 80-83

Chang L J, Yang P Y, Whalen S A. (1990 ). Management of sugar cane mill wastewater in Hawaii. Water Science Technology, 22(9): 131-140

Feder F, Saint Macary H, Gosme M. (2004). Recyclage de déchets par la canne à sucre : essais avec des vinasses de distillerie. Actes du séminaire, 1-2 Juillet 2004, Montpellier, France, 69pp.

De Resende S A, Xavier R P, Oliveira de O C, Urquiaga S, Alves J R, Boddey R M. (2006). Long term effects of preharvest burning and nitrogen and vinasse applications on yield of sugar cane and soil carbon and nitrogen stocks on a plantation in Pernambuco, NE, Brazil. Plant and Soil, 281: 339-351.

Nandy T, Shastry S, Kaul S N. (2002). Wastewater management in a cane molasses distillery involving Bioresource recovery. Journal of Environmental Management, 65:25-38.

Goyal S K, Seth R, Handa B K. (1996). Diphasic fixed-film biomethanation of distillery spentwash. Bioresource Technology, 56: 239-244.

Tejada M, Garcia C, Gonzalez J L, Hernandez M T. (2006). Organic amendment based on fresh and composted beet vinasse: influence on soil properties and wheat yield. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 70: 900-908.

Tauk, S.M. 1982.Culture of Candidain vinasse, and molasses. Effect of acid and addition on biomass and raw protein production. Eur. J. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 16, Pp223-227.

Rodriguez,(2000). Effects of filter cake, vinasse on soil mineral nutrients and maize (Zea mays L.) agronomy,Tropical Agriculture,vol.89,no.3,pp.141–150,2012.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).