Production of compost and its economic importance

Isuf Lushi

Abstract


Composting has a great importance in economic terms, because it affects a lot and directly into increased productivity culture for which it is used.

Modern, methodical composting is a multi-step, closely monitored process with measured inputs of water, air, and carbon- and nitrogen-rich materials. The decomposition process is aided by shredding the plant matter, adding water and ensuring proper aeration by regularly turning the mixture. Worms and fungi further break up the material. Bacteria requiring oxygen to function (aerobic bacteria) and fungi manage the chemical process by converting the inputs into heat, carbon dioxide and ammonium. The ammonium (NH4) is the form of nitrogen used by plants. When available ammonium is not used by plants it is further converted by bacteria into nitrates (NO3) through the process of nitrification.Kosova market have not compost production, we fertilizer imported from Serbia, and on the basis of this research conclude that Kosova about 70% of arable land will be needed for this product. While in terms of horticulture (for flowers) 100% this production is imported from the Netherlands.The paper deals with the construction of the collection point with all the advanced technological tools for the production of manure or compost in the space of 0,5 ha. Where will invest  450,000.00 € and will be produced compost from 15.000 to 30.000 t compost/year and earned about  3,000,000.00 € and will fertlized 1000 ha of agricultural land.


Keywords


Soil; leaves; grass; dung; urine; water; nitrogen fertilizers.

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