EFFECTS OF INCLUSION OF GROUND Prosopis juliflora POD ON GROWTH AND EGG PRODUCTION OF WHITE LEGHORN HENS

Lemma Gulilat Nigatu
Animal Nutrition, Haramaya University
November, 2014
Full text (external site)
 

Abstract

Abstract:
A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion of ground Prosopis juliflora pod on egg production and growth performance of white leghorn layers in Haramaya University poultry farm. One hundred sixty eight white leghorn hens with similar initial body weight of 1077± 6 g and 27 weeks of ages were randomly distributed to 12 pens. The ingredient used for formulate layer ration were maize grain, noug seed cake, soybean meal, wheat short, ground P. juliflora pod, vitamin premix, lime stone and salt. The four treatment rations used in this study were 0% GPJP inclusion (T1) control group, 10% GPJP (T2), 20% GPJP (T3), and 30% GPJP (T4). Dry matter intake, BWG, HDEP, HHEP and egg mass were measured during the experiment. The chemical analysis showed that ground P. juliflora pod contained 16.04% CP and 2461.6 ME kcal/kg DM. The daily BWG of hens fed with T4 (0.02±0.003 g) was significantly (P<0.05) lower than those on T1 (0.04±0.003 g) and T2 (0.04±0.003 g). Hens fed T4 has significantly (P<0.05) lower egg mass (19.6±1.04 g) than hens fed T1 (27.14±1.04 g). The result of the present study showed that GPJP can be used in formulation of layers ration up to 20%.
Keywords: Egg mass, egg quality, ground prosopis juliflora pod, white leghorn