A Little Creative with the Broadcast History of Zimbabwe: A Metaphilosophical Approach

Clever Chirume, Ruth Elizabeth Teer-Tomaselli, Charmaine Munashe Chirume

Abstract


A pervasive yet intriguing insight about the birth of broadcast in Zimbabwe is the story in which three engineers stumbled on broadcast through the use of a transmitter initially installed for meteorological purposes [1]. This was immediately followed in 1932, by the opening of broadcast stations in the then Salisbury (now Harare) and Bulawayo [2]. Drawing from the insights of Walter Mignolo in the article titled ‘Epistemic Disobedience,’ the current study sought to demystify the idea that broadcast in Zimbabwe as born in the 1930 as a lie that has been recycled  for far too long. The current paper seeks to prove that the claim that broadcast in the country was born in the 30s is bereft of scientific reasoning and real meaning of broadcast. It is a claim premised on the bigotry of proverbial ‘Boer mentality.’ In the article ‘epistemic disobedience,’ Mignolo exposes the analytic limits of Eurocentrism as a hegemonic structure of knowledge and beliefs [3]. Operating within the structured prisms of Mignolo’s ideas, the current paper finds the assertion that broadcast in Zimbabwe was born in the 30s, a recycled lie bereft of scientific reasoning and the real meaning of broadcast. The engineers who incidentally discovered broadcast in Zimbabwe had been attached to the Rhodesian aviation sector, particularly for periodic whether updates for the few flights that passed through or landed in the then Rhodesia now Zimbabwe [4]. The paper traces the roots of broadcast to the invention of the drum, which is quite ancient [5]. An important finding is that outdated laws and ancient technology are pretty much a feature of the present history of broadcast in Zimbabwe [6]. Technology that should have been decommissioned and relegated to the museums and archives is in use in broadcast in the country [7]. Yet despite this ugly patch to broadcast in Zimbabwe, a promising narrative has emerged [8]. The new narrative is linked to digitization. In simple, digitization relates to the use of digital signals in communication [9].

Indeed, the story of broadcast in the country would not be complete without mentioning the alluring promise of technological vibrancy, content creation and the concomitant democratic potential of the sector in the digital age. Quite notably, broadcast is geared for transformation as the country’s new Government led by Emerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa has embraced the Fourth Industrial revolution. The enthralling Fourth Industrial revolution of the digital age is underpinned by a fusion of burgeoning technologies. Notably, the technologies have led to the need for additional spectrum to cater for the increasing volumes of information being transmitted from point to point. In simple and for the purpose of this paper, spectrum is a ‘channel through which communication take place’ [10]. Quite notably, the most significant changes in information and communication occur in broadcast [11]. A pragmatic historical qualitative approach, typifies the philosophy through which the information and data to complete the study were collected. This methodological approach is underpinned by an admixture of document analysis, whose over-arching analytic theoretical framework seeks the underlying issues about broadcast. Notably, the historical study has capacity to analyze often opaque issues especially those that require memory to recreate [12]. This capability lends traction to the historical method.  Further if not for the study’s esthetic qualities, the importance of the current study lie in the widening and deepening of the scope of knowledge in broadcast in Zimbabwe. Philosophy is constituted beliefs framed in the form of theory. As a theory philosophy provides answers arising within the context of a people’s experiences -hearty on masculine-refusing to accommodate other positions in terms of truths even if it means lying through one’s teeths, hence the recycling of a lie regarding broadcast history  in Zimbabwe. Therefore, philosophy has a bearing steeped in the culture of a people their tradition and values implying the possibility of the existence of different philosophies for different communities in as much as they are many cultures. Presumably broadcast in Zimbabwe developed in the context of specific thought processes in terms of theory which in the views of the current study could suggest a distinct Zimbabwean philosophy to the understanding of this sectorin the country.


Keywords


Broadcast; History; Digitization; Zimbabwe.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. ((Last Moyo) in Johnston, D.H (ED)) Encyclopedia of International Media and Communications, ‘Status of Media in Zimbabwe’: New York Academic 2003

. (Miler Colin) Zimbabwean Broadcasting: The International Section of Broadcast Archive Harare Zimbabwe 2018

. (Walter Mignolo.) Epistemic Disobedience and the Decolonial Option: A Manifesto. Duke University, 2011

. ((Last Moyo) in Johnston, D.H (ED)) Encyclopedia of International Media and Communications, ‘Status of Media in Zimbabwe’: New York Academic 2003

. blog.africaimports.com/wordpress/2009/.../the-importance-of-drums-in-african-traditi...

. (ibid)

. https://www.jenmansafaris.com/heartbeat-of-africa-beat-of-a-drum/

. (Clever Chirume) Spectrum Management in the Global Age: Zimbabwe's Transition from Analogue to Digital Broadcasting, Durban, South Africa, 2016

. (ibid)

. (ibid0

. (P. B. Seel, & A. E. Grant,) Broadcast Technology Update: Production and Transmission. Focal Press. Boston Oxford Johannesburg Melbourne New Delhi Singapore, 1997

. (Jacqueline H. Wolf) Historical Methods, Athens OH USA 2018

. (Joseph Conrad) Heart of Darkness, Blackwood’s Magazine 1899

. (Ross C. Murtin (ed.)) A critical History of Heart of Darkness, Bedford Books of St Martin’s Press 1996

. (Clever Chirume) Spectrum Management in the Global Age: Zimbabwe's Transition from Analogue to Digital Broadcasting, Durban, South Africa, 2016

. ibid

. ibid

. (Ernerst Mudzengi, E. et. al.) Media in Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Open University, Harare, Zimbabwe 2003

. (Nkosi. Ndlela, N.). Broadcasting Reforms in Southern Africa: Continuity and Change in the Era of Globalization. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. Vol. 4(3). 2007

. (Clever Chirume), Globalisation and the Politics of Media Regulation in Zimbabwe: A study of the Origins of the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA) 2002. University of Zimbabwe: Harare, Zimbabwe. Unpublished Master of Arts Dissertation University of Zimbabwe, Harare. 2005.

. ibid

. (Nkosi. Ndlela, N.). Broadcasting Reforms in Southern Africa: Continuity and Change in the Era of Globalization. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. Vol. 4(3). 2007

. (Jacqueline H. Wolf) Historical Methods, Athens OH USA 2018

. (ibid)

. (E.T. Mapanzure) A Study of the Impact of Technology on Public Broadcasting in Zimbabwe. Univesity of Zimbabwe, Harare 2000.

. (A. Mafeje ) In Search of An Alternative: A collection of Essays on Revolutionary Theory SAPES BOOKS, Harare 1992

. (S. Kwame) How not to teach African Philosophy APA Newsletter 91 (1). 1992

. A. Mafeje ) In Search of An Alternative: A collection of Essays on Revolutionary Theory SAPES BOOKS, Harare 1992

. (P. B Seel. & A. E. Grant) Broadcast Technology Update: Production and Transmission. Focal Press. Boston Oxford Johannesburg Melbourne New Delhi Singapore.1997

. (P. Golding) Next Generation Wireless Applications: Creating Mobile Application in a Web 2.0 and Mobile 2.0 World. John Wiley and Sons Ltd: UK. 2008

. (P. B. Seel, & A. E. Grant,) Broadcast Technology Update: Production and Transmission. Focal Press. Boston Oxford Johannesburg Melbourne New Delhi Singapore, 1997

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. Government of Zimbabwe National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe) July-September 2003

. ibid

. D. McQuail, New Horizons for Communication Theory in the New Media Age (Chapter in the book edited by Valdivia, Blackwell Publishing New Delhi ,(2006)

. D. McQuail, New Horizons for Communication Theory in the New Media Age (Chapter in the book edited by Valdivia, Blackwell Publishing New Delhi ,(2006)

. S. T. Mosime. Botswana Television BTV Negotiating Control and Cultural Production in a Globalising Context: A Political Economy of Media State Ownership in Africa PhD research Durban(2007)

. (N Miller and R Allen) The Post-Broadcasting Age: New technologies, New Communities Papers from the 25th and 26th University of Manchester Broadcasting Symposia Luton Press London. 1995

. (N. Ndlela). Broadcasting Reforms in Southern Africa: Continuity and Change in the Era of Globalisation. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. Vol. 4(3). 2007

. ibid

. (S. T. Mosime). Botswana Television BTV Negotiating Control and Cultural Production in a Globalising Context: A Political Economy of Media State Ownership in Africa PhD research Durban 2007

. ibid

. (N Miller and R Allen) The Post-Broadcasting Age: New technologies, New Communities Papers from the 25th and 26th University of Manchester Broadcasting Symposia Luton Press London. 1995

. (N. Ndlela). Broadcasting Reforms in Southern Africa: Continuity and Change in the Era of Globalisation. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. Vol. 4(3). 2007

. (P. B. Seel, & A. E. Grant,) Broadcast Technology Update: Production and Transmission. Focal Press. Boston Oxford Johannesburg Melbourne New Delhi Singapore, 1997

. (N., K. Metcalf, et. al.) Broadcasting Policy and Practice in Africa Published by Article 19. 2003

. ibid

. ibid

. (T. J. Chari, et. al. ) Media and Communication in Zimbabwe and Africa. Module BAMS301 ZOU Fidelity Printers: Harare2003

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. (N Miller and R Allen). The Post-Broadcasting Age: New technologies, New Communities Papers from the 25th and 26th University of Manchester Broadcasting Symposia Luton Press London. 1995

. ibid

. (E.T. Mapanzure) . A Study of the Impact of Technology on Public Broadcasting in Zimbabwe. Univesity of Zimbabwe, Harare 2000

. (W Mano). ‘Editorial,’ Westminister Papers in Communication and Culture, Special Issue November 2005: 1-7. 2005

. ibid

. ibid

. (N. Ndlela). Broadcasting Reforms in Southern Africa: Continuity and Change in the Era of Globalisation. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. Vol. 4(3). 2007

. Mlambo ZBC Magazine Harare 1992

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe July-September 2003 (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe

. ibid

. (T. J. Chari, et. al. ) Media and Communication in Zimbabwe and Africa. Module BAMS301 ZOU Fidelity Printers: Harare2003

. National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe July-September 2003 (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe)

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. (E.T Mapanzure) A Study of the Impact of Technology on Public Broadcasting in Zimbabwe. Univesity of Zimbabwe, Harare 2000

. (P. B. Seel, & A. E. Grant,) Broadcast Technology Update: Production and Transmission. Focal Press. Boston Oxford Johannesburg Melbourne New Delhi Singapore, 1997

. (T. J. Chari, et. al. ) Media and Communication in Zimbabwe and Africa. Module BAMS301 ZOU Fidelity Printers: Harare2003

. ibid

. National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe July-September 2003 (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe)

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. The Herald, Zim Limps to digitalization 17 June 2015

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. Metcalf, K. N., et. al., (2003) Broadcasting Policy and Practice in Africa Published by Article 19. 2009

. Ibid

. (J. Masuku) The Public Broadcaster Model and the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation: An analytical study. Unpublished Master of Philosophy in Journalism, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town 2011

. National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe July-September 2003 (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe)

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. (C. Chirume) Globalization and the Politics of Media Regulation in Zimbabwe: A study of the Origins of the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA) 2002. University of Zimbabwe: Harare, Zimbabwe. Unpublished Master of Arts Dissertation University of Zimbabwe, Harare. 2005

. (S. H Chiumbu & E. M. Mazango). Introduction to Media Policy, Law and Ethics. Jongwe Printing and Publishing Company: Harare 2000

. ibid

. (O. Z. Gumbo) Public Broadcasting in Zimbabwe History and Contemporary Perspectives and Future Prospects. University of Zimbabwe: Harare, Zimbabwe 1996

. ibid

. ibid

. (E Mudzengi,. et. al). Zimbabwe Open University, Harare, Zimbabwe 2003

. ibid

. (C. Chirume) Globalization and the Politics of Media Regulation in Zimbabwe: A study of the Origins of the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA) 2002. University of Zimbabwe: Harare, Zimbabwe. Unpublished Master of Arts Dissertation University of Zimbabwe, Harare. 2005

. (S. H Chiumbu & E. M. Mazango). Introduction to Media Policy, Law and Ethics. Jongwe Printing and Publishing Company: Harare 2000

. ibid

. (T. J. Chari, et. al. ) Media and Communication in Zimbabwe and Africa. Module BAMS301 ZOU Fidelity Printers: Harare2003

. ibid

. ibid

. ibid

. National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe July-September 2003 (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe)

. (J. Masuku) The Public Broadcaster Model and the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation: An analytical study. Unpublished Master of Philosophy in Journalism, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town 2011

. ibid

. ibid

. MISA Zimbabwe: Submission and Position Paper on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe (2001)

. National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe July-September 2003 (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe)

. Proposed Amendments to the Broadcasting Services Act 2001 MISA – Zimbabwe

. (T. J. Chari, et. al. ) Media and Communication in Zimbabwe and Africa. Module BAMS301 ZOU Fidelity Printers: Harare2003

. (J. Masuku) The Public Broadcaster Model and the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation: An analytical study. Unpublished Master of Philosophy in Journalism, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town 2011

. National Survey on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe July-September 2003 (Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe)

. (Madikiza). Broadcast Digital Migration Policy in South Development Bank of Southern Africa, South Africa (2011

. The Sunday Mail, Digitisation The full Story, 27 September 2015

. (E. Mudzengi) Zimbabwe Open University, Harare, Zimbabwe 2003

. ibid

. ibid

. (C. Chirume) Globalization and the Politics of Media Regulation in Zimbabwe: A study of the Origins of the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA) 2002. University of Zimbabwe: Harare, Zimbabwe. Unpublished Master of Arts Dissertation University of Zimbabwe, Harare. 2005

. ibid

. ibid

. (O. Z. Gumbo) Public Broadcasting in Zimbabwe History and Contemporary Perspectives and Future Prospects. University of Zimbabwe: Harare, Zimbabwe 1996

. (T. J. Chari, et. al. ) Media and Communication in Zimbabwe and Africa. Module BAMS301 ZOU Fidelity Printers: Harare2003

. MISA Zimbabwe: Submission and Position Paper on Broadcasting in Zimbabwe (2001)

. (Nkosi. Ndlela, N.). Broadcasting Reforms in Southern Africa: Continuity and Change in the Era of Globalization. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. Vol. 4(3). 2007

. ibid

. ibid

. (S. H Chiumbu & E. M. Mazango). Introduction to Media Policy, Law and Ethics. Jongwe Printing and Publishing Company: Harare 2000

. Ibid

. Ibid

. ibid

. (Nkosi. Ndlela, N.). Broadcasting Reforms in Southern Africa: Continuity and Change in the Era of Globalization. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. Vol. 4(3). 2007

. (S. H Chiumbu & E. M. Mazango). Introduction to Media Policy, Law and Ethics. Jongwe Printing and Publishing Company: Harare 2000

. (E. Muchena). Teaching Journalism at a Distance: The case of the Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) (Harare Regional Centre) IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science vol17, Issue 3 Nov-December, www.iosr journals.org. 2013

. (P. Golding). Next Generation Wireless Applications: Creating Mobile Application in a Web 2.0 and Mobile 2.0 World. John Wiley and Sons Ltd: UK. 2008

. (Madikiza). Broadcast Digital Migration Policy in South Development Bank of Southern Africa, South Africa (2011

. (T Olwal M Masonta L Mfupe M Mzyece) Broadband ICT Policies in Southern Africa: Initiatives and Dynamics Spectrum Regulation www.IST-Africa.org/Conference 2013

. (N.Carr). The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google. 1st Ed. W.W. Norton Company Ltd: New York, London. 2008

. (H.K. Yeung, and Y.S. Hui Challenges in the migration to 4G mobile systems, City University Hong Kongy 2003

. (M. Raboy). Rethinking Broadcasting in a Global Media Environment. University of Montreal: Canada. 2002

. (N. C. Lesame) New Media Technology and Policy in Developing Countries. Van Shaik: Pretoria 2014


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).