Investigating the Effectiveness of Positivism Group Psychotherapy Based on Frisch's Theory in Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Patients

Zahra Saeidi, Seyed Abdol Majid Bahrainian

Abstract


The aim of conducting this research was to investigate the effectiveness of positivism group psychotherapy based on Frisch's theory in quality of life of breast cancer patients referring to the counseling centers in Mashhad, Iran. This is a quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-tests in which experimental and control groups were utilized. The statistical populations were breast cancer patients in Iran in 2016. The research sample included 30 breast cancer patients who were randomly selected and divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group received the psychotherapy approach based on Frisch’s theory in eight weekly sessions. The quality of life questionnaire in patients with breast cancerOL-BC was used as the measurement tool.  The data which were analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) procedure, considered statistically significant (P>0.5). Results showed that there is a significant difference between the mean scores of experimental and control groups in the post-test. This means that the positivism group psychotherapy based on Frisch's theory was effective in promoting the quality of life of breast cancer patients (P> 0.01). Furthermore, the results showed that positivism group psychotherapy based on Frisch's theory increased post-test scores of experimental group in aspects of  physical, mental, social and environmental health (P <0.05). Results confirmed the positive effect of positivism group psychotherapy based on Frisch's theory on breast cancer patients’ quality of life.


Keywords


breast cancer; Frisch's theory; positivism group psychotherapy; quality of life.

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